2016-17 Catalog

Biology

Courses

BIOL 1100. Transitioning to University Studies in Biology/Biomedical Sciences. 1 Credit Hour (Lecture: 1 Hour, Lab: 1 Hour).

Practical study designed to prepare the student for university life, aid in the development of skills for academic success, promote personal growth and responsibility, and encourage active involvement in the learning process from an individual college perspective. These skill sets are presented in the context of biology and biomedical disciplines.

BIOL 1406. Biology for Science Majors. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

Detailed study of a typical cell, cell phenomena, mitosis, meiosis, nucleic acids, protein synthesis, basic principles of genetics, photosynthesis, and respiration. A survey of the Plant Kingdom is covered. Much of laboratory is devoted to the anatomy and physiology of flowering plants, while representatives of the lower plant phyla are studied with emphasis on life histories. Substantial microscopic observation required. Lab fee $10.

BIOL 1407. Biology for Science Majors II. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

The major animal phyla and vertebrate systems are surveyed, with representative examples and dissection of the frog stressed in the laboratory. Substantial microscopic observation required. Lab fee $10.

BIOL 2300. Cell Biology. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

An introduction to the study of cells, including structure and function of cellular components, bioenergetics, cellular transport and communication, and the cell cycle. Prerequisites: BIOL1406 and BIOL1407.

BIOL 2310. Essential Elements of Biology. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

The study of morphology, anatomy, growth, life cycles, ecology, behavior, classification, and uses of organisms. Human systems and tissues and mechanisms of heredity and metabolism will be introduced. The laboratory will give experience in the use of the microscope, dissecting procedures, and problem solving. Enrollment in this course is restricted to Interdisciplinary Studies Majors. Prerequisite: 8 hours laboratory science. Lab fee: $10.

BIOL 2401. Anatomy and Physiology I. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

Basic physiological principles and their applications in the study of the skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems are emphasized. Substantial microscopic observation required. Lab fee $10.

BIOL 2402. Anatomy & Physiology II. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

Integrated study of human anatomy and physiology. Includes study of the structure and function of the human body including the following systems: endocrine, cardiovascular, immune, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive (including nutrition), urinary (including fluid and electrolyte balance), and reproductive (including human development and genetics). Emphasis is on interrelationships among systems and regulation of physiological functions involved in maintaining homeostasis. The lab provides a hands-on learning experience for exploration of human system components and basic physiology. Lab fee: $2.

BIOL 2420. Microbiology for Non-Science Majors. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 4 Hours).

A survey of the microorganisms, their environments, and their interactions with multicellular organisms, particularly man. The course concentrates on the microorganisms which are pathogenic to man, human diseases, treatments for the diseases, and their prevention. Microorganisms need time to grow and therefore there will be several laboratory assignments throughout the course of the semester where students will be required to return the next day for about 15-45 minutes for culture analysis. Course is appropriate for pre-nursing majors. Prerequisites: 8 credit hours of laboratory sciences. Lab fee: $15.

BIOL 3103. Genetic Techniques. 1 Credit Hour (Lecture: 0 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

Application of modern genetic techniques to generate, analyze, and interpret data. Emphasis will be placed on the development of practical laboratory skills. Prerequisites: BIOL 3303 or concurrent enrollment. Lab fee: $2.

BIOL 3303. Genetics. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

An introduction to the study of genetics including the nature of genetic material, mechanisms of gene expression and inheritance, population genetics and evolution, and application of modern DNA technology. Prerequisites: 8 hours of BIOL with a grade of C or higher and CHEM 1411 or higher.

BIOL 3340. Introduction to Marine Biology. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

General considerations of the marine environment including habitats, biota, zoogeography, and humans' impact. Prerequisites: BIOL 1406, 1407.

BIOL 3353. Ecology and Evolution. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours). [WI]

The objective of this course is to convey a basic understanding of how life evolves, how organisms interact with their environments, and how evolutionary and ecological principles can be applied to a wide range of questions. Emphasis will be placed on the writing process. Prerequisite: BIOL 1406, 1407 and 3303.

BIOL 3380. Introduction to Virology. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

This course covers the basic principles in the study of viruses. It will provide a foundation to understanding virus architecture and nomenclature, virus replication cycles, mechanisms of viral entry and spread of infection, host responses to viral infections, laboratory research and diagnostics of viral diseases, and epidemiology of viral infections. Prerequisites: BIOL 3407.

BIOL 3395. Pathogenic Microbiology. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

A study of the disease-producing capacities of various microorganisms with emphasis on the diagnostic procedure of isolation and identification. Prerequisites: BIOL 3407 with minimum grade of "C" or approval by the department head.

BIOL 3402. Histology. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

Introduction to cellular ultrastructure. Study of vertebrate tissues and their arrangement in various organs. Prerequisites: BIOL 1407 or approval by the department head. Lab fee $10.

BIOL 3403. Genetics. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

An introduction to the study of genetics including the nature of genetic material, mechanisms of gene expression and inheritance, population genetics and evolution, and application of modern DNA technology. Laboratory experiments will emphasize the use of modern genetic techniques. Genetic data will be generated, analyzed, and interpreted. Prerequisite: 8 hours of BIOL with a grade of C or higher and CHEM 1411 or higher. Lab fee $30.

BIOL 3406. Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 4 Hours).

The morphology, physiology, and phylogeny of the organ systems of vertebrates. Laboratory study of representative vertebrates. Prerequisite: 8 hours of biology. Lab fee $10.

BIOL 3407. Microbiology. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 4 Hours).

Study of microorganisms; characteristics, physiology, genetics, and their interrelations with humans. Substantial microscopic observation required. Microorganisms need time to grow and therefore there will be several laboratory assignments throughout the course of the semester where students will be required to return the next day for about 15-45 minutes for culture analysis. Prerequisites: 2 semesters of biology and 1 semester of chemistry or approval by the department head. Lab fee $15.

BIOL 3413. Molecular Biology. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 4 Hours).

Fundamentals of gene expression, gene regulation, DNA metabolism and nucleic acid structure, recombinant DNA techniques and protein structure. Prerequisites: BIOL 3403 and CHEM 2423.

BIOL 3415. Plant Taxonomy. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

Principles of plant taxonomy. Field and laboratory studies of common Texas wild flowers and trees with emphasis on identification, collection, and preparation of herbarium specimens. Prerequisites: 7 hours of BIOL, junior classification, or department head approval. Lab fee $10.

BIOL 3420. Plant Pathology. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

Study of the various types of plant diseases and specific examples of each type. Emphasis upon identification, host-parasite interactions, pathogen dissemination, and control methods. Prerequisites: BIOL 1406, 3407 or approval by department head. Lab fee $10.

BIOL 3436. Plant Physiology. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

A study of physiology of green plants with emphasis on nitrogen metabolism, respiration, mineral nutrition, photosynthesis, and growth. Prerequisites: 1 semester of BIOL with plant emphasis and one semester of organic chemistry. Lab fee $10.

BIOL 3449. Invertebrate Zoology. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

The study of the morphology, taxonomy, biology, and phylogeny of the invertebrate animals, exclusive of the Insecta. Prerequisites: 12 hours of BIOL or approval by the department head. Lab fee $10.

BIOL 3485. Immunology. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

Emphasis on the basic concepts of humoral and cell-mediated immunity. Laboratory: current techniques in experimental immunology and serology. Prerequisites: BIOL 3407 and one year of CHEM or approval by the department head. Lab fee $30.

BIOL 4086. Biology Problems. 1-6 Credit Hours (Lecture: 0 Hours, Lab: 1-6 Hours).

A course open by invitation to capable juniors and seniors wishing to pursue a biological problem. Students are permitted and encouraged to work independently under the guidance of an instructor. May be repeated for credit, subject to the approval by the department head. Prerequisites: 2 years of BIOL, the ability to do independent work, and approval of department head. Lab fee $10.

BIOL 4090. Special Topics. 1-3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3-9 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Deals with selected topics in biology. May be repeated for credit when topics vary. Prerequisite: approval of department head.

BIOL 4185. Seminar. 1-3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 1-3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Survey of biological literature, biological instrumentation, history of biology, and current trends in biological sciences. Grading in this course is satisfactory/unsatisfactory. Prerequisite: 12 hours BIOL and approval of department head.

BIOL 4320. Behavioral Ecology. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

The aim of this course is to understand variation in behavior among species and among individuals within a species. The course will focus on how behavior affects an animal’s ability to survive and reproduce. Prerequisites: 12 hours of biology or approval by department head.

BIOL 4340. Developmental Biology. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Introduction to basic principles of developmental biology. The course will include sections on classical embryology, the molecular basis of development, and evolution of development. In addition, students will read/discuss relevant articles from the primary literature. Prerequisites: BIOL 3303 or BIOL 3403.

BIOL 4350. Vaccines. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

This course will cover the basic principles in the study of vaccines by providing a foundation to the understanding of the immune response to vaccinations, development of vaccinations, and the significance of individual human and animal vaccines. Prerequisites: BIOL 3407.

BIOL 4370. Analysis of Biological Principles. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 4 Hours).

The comparative study of the morphology, anatomy, genetics, metabolism, reproduction, and the phylogenetic and ecological relationships of organisms. Prerequisite: 16 hours advanced BIOL or approval of department head. Lab fee $10.

BIOL 4374. Biochemistry I. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

An introduction to the basic principles of biological chemistry and to fundamental processes of plants, animals and microorganisms. Credit for both BIOL 4374 and CHEM 4374 will not be awarded. Prerequisite: 1 semester of organic chemisry (2 semesters recommended) and completion of BIOL 3407 with a grade of a C or better or approval of department head.

BIOL 4375. Biochemistry II. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

A detailed survey of intermediary metabolism. The metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids, and the regulation of metabolism are emphasized. Credit for both BIOL 4375 and CHEM 4375 will not be awarded. Prerequisites: BIOL/CHEM 4374, or approval of department head.

BIOL 4378. Biochemistry Lab. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 1 Hour, Lab: 5 Hours).

Principles and applications of basic methodology for the isolation, purification, characterization, and quantitative determination of biologically important compounds. Credit for both BIOL 4378 and CHEM 4378 will not be awarded. Prerequisite: BIOL 4374 or CHEM 4374 or concurrent enrollment, or approval of department head. Lab fee: $30.

BIOL 4398. Current Topics in the Life Sciences. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours). [WI]

Students will apply knowledge and skills learned in previous courses to address biological issues through writing, oral presentations, and other assessments. All majors must complete this course to graduate with a BS in Biology or BS in Biomedical Science. Prerequisite: Major in Biology or Biomedical Science and at least 80 hours of coursework completed or Department Head Approval.

BIOL 4401. Ecology. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

Plants and animals in relation to their environment. Prerequisites: 2 semesters of BIOL or approval by the department head. Lab fee $10.

BIOL 4430. Ornithology. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

A study of the basic biology of birds, including origins, systematics, ecology, biogeography, physiology, anatomy, and reproductive biology. Laboratory emphasizes identification of regional avifauna and includes multiple field trips. Prerequisite Course(s): BIOL 1406 and BIOL 1407. Lab fee $10.

BIOL 4440. Herpetology. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 0-3 Hours, Lab: 0-3 Hours).

A survey of the biology of amphibians and reptiles, with emphasis on phylogenetics, ecology, physiology, morphology, zoogeography, conservation, and taxonomy. Laboratory and field work will provide students with practical experience in collecting, identifying, and preparing specimens of regional species, as well as observing populations in natural settings. Prerequisites: BIOL 1406 and BIOL 1407. Lab fee: $30.

BIOL 4441. Limnology. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

A study of aquatic communities and the physiochemical factors affecting the productivity of ponds, reservoirs, and streams. Experience in hydrographic survey morphometry. Prerequisites: 1 year of CHEM and 12 hours of BIOL, including BIOL 1406, 1407. Lab fee $10.

BIOL 4445. Parasitology. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

A survey of the various invertebrate parasites of medical importance with particular reference to epidemiology and the host-parasite relationship. Prerequisites: 12 hours of BIOL or approval by the department head. Lab fee $10.

BIOL 4451. Mammalogy. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

A study of the evolution, anatomy, behavior, ecology, systematics, and basic biology of mammals. Laboratory work includes identification of regional mammals as well as techniques for the collection and preparation of mammalian specimens. Prerequisite Course(s): BIOL 1406 and BIOL 1407. Lab fee $10.

BIOL 4460. Animal Physiology. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

An advanced course in the fundamentals of vertebrate physiology emphasizing physiologic mechanisms from a basic molecular/cellular level up to the level of organ systems, which include the nervous, endocrine, muscular, cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive and urinary systems. The basic physiologic mechanisms are presented in the context of human physiology, however, how selected animals are adapted to particular environments is addressed. Laboratory exercises involve the use of electronic instrumentation to measure physiologic responses non-invasively in human volunteers or in surgically prepared animals. Lab fee: $10.

BIOL 4461. Animal Physiology II. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

Basic principles of life processes and how they apply to the integrated functions of organ systems. Functions of the various organ systems of animals are studied. Prerequisites: 12 hours of BIOL and one semester of organic chemistry with laboratory. Lab fee: $2.

BIOL 4462. Ichthyology. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

A study of the anatomy, behavior, ecology, evolution, taxonomy, and zoogeography of fishes. Field and laboratory work provide students with practical experience in collecting, identifying, and studying fishes. Emphasis will be placed on local fauna. Prerequisite Course(s): BIOL 1406 and BIOL 1407. Lab fee $10.

BIOL 5086. Biological Problems. 1-6 Credit Hours (Lecture: 0 Hours, Lab: 1-6 Hours).

Independent research under the supervision of an instructor. A formal report will be submitted to the instructor. A student may not count more than 6 hours of biological problems toward a degree. Lab fee $10.

BIOL 5088. Thesis. 1-6 Credit Hours (Lecture: 1-6 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Scheduled when the student is ready to begin the thesis. No credit until thesis is completed. Prerequisite: BIOL 5398 and consent of major professor.

BIOL 5185. Seminar. 1 Credit Hour (Lecture: 1 Hour, Lab: 0 Hours).

A graduate seminar course providing the opportunity for students to lead discussions on a current topic in Biology. Topics vary according to interests of faculty and/or students. May be repeated for credit as topics vary. Prerequisite: 12 hours of biology.

BIOL 5302. Ecological Plant Physiology. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

The interrelations of plants and their environments with emphasis on those which are subject to manipulation. Critical processes such as dormancy, photosynthesis, nutrition, reproduction, and water relations and their interactions in survival and biomass production. Prerequisite: BIOL 3426 or approval by the department head.

BIOL 5309. Cellular Biology. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

A study of cellular morphology and function at the ultrastructural and molecular level. Prerequisites: Organic chemistry and 18 hours of BIOL or approval by the department head.

BIOL 5320. Environmental and Restoration Biology. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Study of human interactions with plants and animals within ecosystems with an emphasis on conservation and restoration ecology. Outdoor laboratories and restoration of plant communities are required.

BIOL 5321. The Aquatic Environment. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

A study of the basic principles involved in the ecology of the aquatic community including biotic and abiotic relationships. Emphasis placed on the sources of water contamination to include the effects of the contamination upon the changes in water chemistry and their possible biological implication. Prerequisite: 18 hours of BIOL and 2 semesters of CHEM or approval by the department head.

BIOL 5330. Development of Modern Biological Concepts. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

A study of the development of biological concepts and their impact upon science and society. Biographical as well as contemporary readings will be involved. Prerequisite: Graduate classification or approval by the department head.

BIOL 5331. Conservation Biology. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Principles of conservation biology and the major issues that define the discipline. Study of value, threats to, and conservation of biodiversity. Conservation issues at the population and species levels, policy, and practical applications of the science will be included. Prerequisites: BIOL 3403 and 4401 or approval of department head.

BIOL 5340. Measuring Biological Diversity. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

This course is designed to give graduate students real world experience in acquiring and analyzing basic ecological data on the distribution and abundance of living organisms.

BIOL 5361. Evolutionary Biology. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Examination of evolutionary patterns, mechanisms and processes at the organismal, chromosomal and molecular levels; modes of adaptation and the behavior of genes in populations. Prerequisite: BIOL 3043 or equivalent.

BIOL 5380. Biological Scientific Writing. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

This course covers the basic principles of scientific writing with an emphasis on writing for the biological sciences. A specific focus of the course will be on the design, planning and writing of a research proposal in terms of problem selection, objectives, methodology, and formatting. Students will learn the types of literature and complete a literature search and review. Students will present their research proposal in an oral presentation.

BIOL 5390. Special Topics. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Selected topics in an identified area of biology, biochemistry or biotechnology. May be repeated for credit as topics vary. Prerequisites: 12 hours of biology and 8 hours of chemistry or approval of department head.

BIOL 5398. Research Design and Analysis. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Statistical principles and techniques applicable to the procurement, analysis, and evaluation of quantitative data. Prerequisite: MATH 1314 or approval by the department head.

BIOL 5399. Practicum, Field Problem, or Internship. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Supervised practice in specialized laboratory or professional settings. Prerequisites: 12 hours of biology and 8 hours chemistry or approval of department head.