Wildlife, Sustainability and Ecosystem Sciences

The Department of Wildlife, Sustainability, and Ecosystem Sciences is dedicated to understanding and managing the earth's ecosystems upon which human society depends.  Our mission is to prepare students to confront the environmental challenges of present and future generations by sustainably managing the Earth’s natural resources and reducing the impact of human society on the natural environment, through multidisciplinary undergraduate and graduate teaching, experiential learning, and research.

The Department of Wildlife, Sustainability, and Ecosystem Sciences offers two Bachelor of Science degrees -- the BS in Wildlife, Sustainability, and Ecosystem Sciences and the BS in Environmental Sciences.  Within each degree, students may choose from several degree tracks to fit their unique interests and career goals.  Through the faculty-student advisement process, a course of study is developed to allow the student to pursue his/her interest and potential while preparing for a long-term, productive career in the natural resource and environmental sciences.  All degree programs stress hands-on interactions in the classroom, as well as through required internships other applied learning experiences.  All of the career tracks within the Department are strongly science/discipline-based with the goal of providing the graduate with the academic background necessary to compete in the current employment market and to be a life-long contributor to the profession.

Students pursuing a Bachelor Science in Wildlife, Sustainability, and Ecosystem Sciences may select from the following degree tracks:

  1. Wildlife Science
    Wildlife scientists and managers play a critical role in conserving the wildlife that is so valuable to society.  The Wildlife Science option has foundation courses in biology, ecology, and wildlife science, and provides opportunities for students to gain field experience through internships and other applied learning experiences.  This program is designed to prepare graduates for a career in wildlife conservation and management, and will lay the educational groundwork required to become a Certified Wildlife Biologist through The Wildlife Society.  Graduates in this field frequently find careers with state and federal wildlife agencies, non-governmental organizations, environmental consulting firms, and private ranches.
  2.  
  3. Pre-Veterinary Medicine
    The Pre-Veterinary Medicine option is designed to prepare students for admission to a college of veterinary medicine, and an eventual career as a veterinarian.  The course curriculum is based upon all the requirements set forth by the Texas A&M College of Veterinary Medicine.  Additional courses prepare students for a career in wildlife science, or for a future specialization in wildlife or zoo medicine.  While graduates from the program can pursue any veterinary specialty (small-animal, livestock, or wildlife), the additional wildlife courses allow a student to simultaneously pursue their interests in wildlife.
     
  4. Soil Science
    Soil scientists are concerned with the one resource upon which our food production and wildlands alike depend -- the Earth's soils.  The Soil Science option focuses on the chemical, physical, and ecological properties of soils that make them vital to conservation of many natural resources.  Courses are available covering soil fertility, soil as a component of the environment, soils role in land management, and soil genesis, morphology, and classification.  This option prepares the student for a lucrative career as a soil conservationist or soil scientist with such agencies as the Natural Resource Conservation Service or the US Forest Service, working in both wildland and agricultural systems.
  5.  
  6. Agroecology and Sustainable Agriculture
    Recent years have seen astounding changes in agriculture.  The old ways of doing things simply no longer work in the modern era of rising demands for food, increased environmental degradation, and climate change.  Modern agriculture requires modern, progressive agriculturalists and scientists.  The Agroecology and Sustainable Agriculture option brings tried and true methods of food production into modern times.  It combines advanced techniques such as aquaponics, permaculture, integrated pest management, urban and suburban farming, and small-scale farming to produce more, healthier food with less water, land, fertilizer, and pesticides, and a smaller carbon footprint.  Graduates with this degree are well prepared to entire the field of sustainable agriculture, whether on their own farm or ranch or as part of a larger enterprise.  Graduates may also contribute to society as consultants, educators, extension professionals, and urban agriculture specialists.
  7.  
  8. Natural Resource Ecology
    Natural systems support the many ecosystem services and natural benefits that are required by all life on Earth -- things like clean air, abundant water, wildlife habitat, and livestock grazing lands.  The Natural Resource Ecology option encompasses such disciplines as range science, restoration ecology, and agronomy.  It focuses on management of plant communities in range, forest, and other wildland systems.  Students receive personalized counseling on the specific courses to take to accomplish their academic and career goals.  The strong scientific background prepares the student for working on private and public land systems, while incorporating multiple uses such as crop production, wildlife management, livestock grazing, recreation, and wildland preservation.  Graduates in this field are qualified for careers on private ranches and farms, whether operating their own farm or ranch or as professional consultants.  They are also prepared for careers with such organizations as the Natural Resource Conservation Service, Texas AgriLife Extension, the US Forest Service, and The Nature Conservancy.
  9.  
  10. Food, Nutrition, and Meat Applications
    Perhaps humanity's most basic connection with the environment is through our food supply; thus, food and nutrition lie at the nexus of environmental sustainability, agricultural production, and human health.  The Food, Nutrition, and Meat Applications option focuses on the science based aspects of human nutrition, food, and agriculture and the application of those principles related to food selection, preparation, and consumption in order  to achieve and maintain health and well-being across the life span.  Foundation courses in food and nutrition science, biology, and chemistry provide opportunities for students to gain field experiences through applied learning activities and internships.  This program is designed to prepare graduates to work in the field of nutrition and health promotion and will lay the groundwork for an advanced degree in nutrition or food science, or Chiropractic or Physician’s Assistant school.  Graduates from the program will be prepared for careers in nutrition and health education, health agencies, corporate wellness, Agri-Life Extension Service, WIC (Women, Infant, and Children’s government nutrition program) and various food companies. .
  11.  
  12. Sustainability Studies
    Providing for the needs of our current generation while maintaining the ability of future generations to provide for their is the heart of sustainability, and sustaining all the things upon which humanity depends requires a broad understanding of scientific, environmental, and social principles.  The Sustainability Studies option is an area of study focusing on providing for the needs of today’s society, while ensuring that the needs of future generations can also be met.  It recognizes that a long-term, viable society must be environmentally, economically, and socially sustainable.  Sustainability is a multidisciplinary field of study that provides students not only with a strong scientific background in the environmental sciences, but with extensive understanding of other fields necessary for implementing sustainable practices, such as food science, economics, sociology, and communications.  Graduates emerge from the program equipped for careers in both the public sector and private industry, ready to help society adapt to the environmental challenges facing us all.
  1.  

Students pursuing a Bachelor Science in Environmental Science may select from the following degree tracks:

  1. Environmental Land and Water Science
    The Environmental Land and Water Concentration is designed for students interested in pursuing careers with environmental consulting companies or conducting environmental assessments of land or water resources.  Students will examine water resources, water quality protection, and environmental land management practices.  This is an excellent program for students interested in pursuing a graduate degree in environmental science, hydrology, or environmental engineering.  This rigorous degree includes two semester each of biology and chemistry, as well as one semester each of physics and calculus.
  2.  
  3. Environmental Management and GIS
    The Environmental Management and GIS concentration is designed for students interested in land use planning, natural resource management, eco-justice assessments, or in analyzing environmental interactions across the environment. It is also an excellent program for students interested in environmental education or work with environmental advocacy organizations. This rigorous degree program includes an option for a GIS certification while exploring ecological, social, and economic interactions across the landscape.
  4.  
  5. Environmental Policy
    The Environmental Policy concentration is designed for students interested in environmental law, investigating the impacts of government policies on environmental conditions, and assessing impacts of resource use and pollution on human communities. It is also an excellent program for business professionals involved in developing or implementing environmentally sound business practices. This rigorous degree program includes an in-depth exploration of environmental policies, environmental law, environmental sociology, and environmental economics. 

Degree Requirements

The Bachelor of Science Degree in Wildlife, Sustainability, and Ecosystem Sciences

Field of Study Courses
Experiential Learning Requirement (choose one):1-6
Internship in the Natural Resource Sciences
Undergraduate Research in the Natural Resource Sciences
Natural Resource Field Studies
Study Abroad in Natural Resource Conservation 1
Field Study Abroad in Natural Resource Conservation 1
WSES 4187Senior Capstone Seminar1
ENGL 3309 [WI] Technical writing and Document Design3
Other Required Courses
General Education Requirements42
Composition I
Composition II
United States History I
United States History II
Federal Government (Federal Constitution and Topics)
Texas Government (Texas Consitution and Topics)
Transitioning to University Studies in the Natural Resource Sciences
Creative Arts Core Requirement (choose 3 hrs from):
Art Appreciation
Art History I
Art History II
Art History of America
Fine Arts Appreciation
Visual and Theatre Arts
The Art of Film
Fundamentals Of Music
Popular Music in America
Music Appreciation
Jazz History
Introduction to Theater
History of the Theater I
Dramatic Theory & Criticism
Language, Philosophy, and Culture Core Requirement (choose 3 hrs from):
Introduction to Philosophy
World Civilizations I
World Civilizations II
The Short Story
Introduction to Literature
Literature and Film
Backgrounds of Western Literature
Total Hours47-52
Additional Required Courses for Concentrations
Wildlife Science
Ecology Requirement (choose one of the following):4
Ecology for Natural Resource Managers
Ecology
BIOL 1406
BIOL 1407 [shared]
Biology for Science Majors
and Biology for Science Majors II 2
BIOL 3303Genetics3
or AGRI 3409 Genetics
Choose two of the following:8
Ornithology
Ethology
Herpetology
Mammalogy
CHEM 1411College Chemistry I4
CHEM 1412College Chemistry II 24
or PHYS 1401 College Physics I
Communications Requirement (choose one):[Shared]
Introduction to Speech Communication
Public Speaking
Business and Professional Speaking
Mathematics Requirement, choose one of the following: 73-4
Plane Trigonometry
Precalculus Math
MATH 1342 [shared] Elementary Statistical Methods
PHIL 2303 [shared] Introduction to Logic
WSES 2322Principles of Wildlife Conservation and Management3
WSES 3401 [WI] Soils4
WSES 2451Introduction to Geographic Information Systems4
WSES 3305GIS for Natural Resource Scientists3
Choose two of the following:8
Wildland Plant Identification and Ecology
Dendrology and Woody Plant Identification
Plant Taxonomy
WSES 3310Wildlife Management Techniques3
Choose one of the following:3
Veterinary Entomology
Wildlife Diseases
Human Dimensions and Environmental Policy Requirement (choose two; at least one must be [WI]):6
Ethical Issues in Agriculture and the Natural Resources
Population, Pollution, and Resource Depletion
Fish and Wildlife Laws and Administration
Human Dimensions of Fish and Wildlife Management
Water Resources Policy and Management
Environmental Politics
International Environmental Issues
Environmental Law
Choose one of the following:3
Population Dynamics, Modeling, and Analysis
Population Genetics
WSES 4302 [WI] Habitat Management3
Choose one of the following:3
Big Game Ecology and Management
Avian Ecology and Management
WSES Open Elective:1-4
Choose any WSES course or RNRM 3301.
WSES Upper-level Elective:3-12
Choose any three courses in WSES 3XXX or 4XXX
Total Hours73-86
Soil Science
Ecology Requirement (choose one of the following):4
Ecology for Natural Resource Managers
Ecology
BIOL 1406
BIOL 1407 [shared]
Biology for Science Majors
and Biology for Science Majors II 2
Mathematics Requirement, choose one of the following: 73-4
Plane Trigonometry
Precalculus Math
Choose one of the following:3
Fundamentals of Crop Science
Principles of Wildlife Conservation and Management
Principles of Range Management
BIOL 3407Microbiology4
BIOL 3415Plant Taxonomy4
Choose one of the following:3-4
Plant Pathology
Plant Physiology
Biochemistry I
CHEM 1411
CHEM 1412
College Chemistry I
and College Chemistry II 2
8
CHEM 2423Organic Chemistry I4
Communications Requirement (choose one):[Shared]
Introduction to Speech Communication
Public Speaking
Business and Professional Speaking
PHIL 2303 [shared] Introduction to Logic
Environmental Policy Requirement (choose one):3
Environmental Politics
International Environmental Issues
Environmental Law
Fish and Wildlife Laws and Administration
MATH 1342 [shared] Elementary Statistical Methods
WSES 2301General Entomology3
WSES 2451Introduction to Geographic Information Systems4
WSES 3401 [WI] Soils4
WSES 3402Soils, Land Use, and The Environment4
WSES 3305GIS for Natural Resource Scientists3
WSES 3412Soil Genesis, Morphology, and Classification4
WSES 4212Soil Ecology2
WSES 4213Soil Physical Properties2
WSES 4309 [WI] Plant-Animal Interactions3
WSES 4410Genomics3-4
or BIOL 4375 Biochemistry II
WSES 4450Soil Nutrient Cycling4
Elective:1-4
Choose any course from WSES/BIOL/CHEM 3XXX or 4XXX
Total Hours73-78
Natural Resource Ecology and Crop Science
Ecology Requirement (choose one of the following):4
Ecology
Ecology for Natural Resource Managers
BIOL 1406
BIOL 1407 [shared]
Biology for Science Majors
and Biology for Science Majors II 2
CHEM 1411
CHEM 1412
College Chemistry I
and College Chemistry II 2
8
BIOL 3415Plant Taxonomy3-4
or WSES 3313 Plant Diversity and Conservation
BIOL 3303Genetics3
or AGRI 3409 Genetics
BIOL 3436Plant Physiology4
CHEM 2423Organic Chemistry I4
Communications Requirement (choose one): [Shared]
Introduction to Speech Communication
Public Speaking
Business and Professional Speaking
Mathematics Requirement, choose one of the following: 73-4
Plane Trigonometry
Precalculus Math
MATH 1342 [shared] Elementary Statistical Methods
PHIL 2303 [shared] Introduction to Logic
Environmental Policy Requirement (choose one):3
Environmental Politics
International Environmental Issues
Environmental Law
Fish and Wildlife Laws and Administration
WSES 1305Fundamentals of Crop Science3
or WSES 2322 Principles of Wildlife Conservation and Management
WSES 2301General Entomology3
WSES 2451Introduction to Geographic Information Systems4
Chose one of the following:3
Principles of Range Management
Crop Production and Management
WSES 3305GIS for Natural Resource Scientists3
Choose one of the following:3-4
Wildland Plant Identification and Ecology
Plant Pathology
Biochemistry I
WSES 3320Watershed Management3
or BIOL 3407 Microbiology
WSES 3380Integrated Pest Management3
or WSES 3408 Dendrology and Woody Plant Identification
WSES 3401 [WI] Soils4
Choose one of the following:3
Habitat Management
Ecological Restoration of Plant Communities
Pesticides
WSES 4309 [WI] Plant-Animal Interactions3
or WSES 4450 Soil Nutrient Cycling
WSES 4311Fire Ecology3
or WSES 3415 Weed Management
Elective:2-8
Choose any two courses from WSES 3XXX or 4XXX
Total Hours72-81
Sustainability
Ecology Requirement (choose one of the following):4
Ecology for Natural Resource Managers
Ecology
BIOL 1406
BIOL 1407 [shared]
Biology for Science Majors
and Biology for Science Majors II 2
GEOL 1407Introduction to Environmental Science 24
Science Prerequisites, choose two of the following:6-8
Fundamentals of Crop Science
Nutrition and Diet Therapy
Introduction to Geographic Information Systems
General Animal Science
College Chemistry I 2
College Chemistry II 2
Physical Geology 2
Historical Geology 2
Natural Disasters 2
MATH 1314 [shared] College Algebra
WSES 1301Society, Natural Resources, and the Environment3
WSES 1307Concepts and Controversies in Food Studies3
WSES 2302Sustainability3
WSES 2375Soil as the Basis for Society3
WSES 3302Soils, Land Use, and The Environment3
WSES 3375Population, Pollution, and Resource Depletion3
WSES 4306Water Resources Policy and Management 3
WSES 4408Sustainable Food Systems4
WSES 4084Internship in the Natural Resource Sciences 31-6
Core Communications Requirement (choose one):[Shared]
Introduction to Speech Communication
Public Speaking
Business and Professional Speaking
Social and Behavioral Sciences Requirements (choose one):[Shared]
Introductory Agricultural Economics
Introductory Agricultural Economics
Introduction To Economics
Principles of Macroeconomics
Economics Focus Area (choose one):3
Environmental Economics
International Trade and Agriculture
Recreation and Tourism Economics
Earth Science Focus Area (choose two):4-7
Soils
Soil Physical Properties
Soil Nutrient Cycling
Land Surveying and Soil/Water Conservation Practices
Geographic Information Systems for the Sciences
Meteorology
Oceanography
Environmental Science
Environmental Techniques
Advanced Geographic Information Systems
GIS for Natural Resource Scientists
Soil Ecology
Ethics Focus Area (choose one):3
Biotechnology and Bioethics
Ethics in the Professions
Ethical Issues in Agriculture and the Natural Resources
Policy Focus Area (choose one):3
Environmental Politics
International Environmental Issues
Environmental Law
Fish and Wildlife Laws and Administration
International and Cultural Focus Area (choose one): 43
Mexican Agricultural Relations
Cultural Studies
Outdoor Adventure
Political Economy of Globalization
International Politics
World Religions
Food and Culture
Study Abroad in Natural Resource Conservation 1
Communications Focus Area (choose one):3
Environmental Communication
Intercultural Communication
Web Site Development and Design
Marketing
Food and Nutrition Focus Area (choose one):3
Food Processing
Life Cycle Nutrition
Advanced Meal Management
Life Sciences Focus Area (none required):0
Genetics
Genetics
Veterinary Entomology
Wildland Plant Identification and Ecology
Dendrology and Woody Plant Identification
Urban Wildlife and Fisheries
Plant-Animal Interactions
Fire Ecology
Genomics
Lower-level Social Sciences (choose one):[Shared]
General Psychology
Introductory Sociology
Social Sciences Focus Area (choose one):3
Social Psychology
Industrial/Organizational Psychology
Environmental Sociology
Food Production Focus Area (choose one):3
Livestock Management
Meat Science
Meat Processing and Merchandising
Aquaponics
Honey Production and Pollinator Ecology
Composting
Vegetable Production
Organic Agriculture
Crop Production and Management
Fermentation and Brewing
Focus Area Electives6
Choose at least six additional upper division hours from any one Focus Area.
Total Hours74-81
Pre-veterinary Medicine
Ecology Requirement (choose one of the following):4
Ecology for Natural Resource Managers
Ecology
Choose one of the following:3
Population Dynamics, Modeling, and Analysis
Population Genetics
Big Game Ecology and Management
Avian Ecology and Management
ANSC 4306Animal Nutrition3
or ANSC 3409 Feeds and Feeding
BIOL 1406
BIOL 1407 [shared]
Biology for Science Majors
and Biology for Science Majors II
BIOL 3303Genetics3
or AGRI 3409 Genetics
BIOL 3407Microbiology4
Vertebrate Zoology Requirement (take one of the following):4
Ethology
Ornithology
Herpetology
Mammalogy
BIOL 4374Biochemistry I3
CHEM 1411
CHEM 1412
College Chemistry I
and College Chemistry II 2
8
CHEM 2423Organic Chemistry I4
CHEM 2425Organic Chemistry II4
COMM 1315 [shared] Public Speaking
MATH 2412 [shared] Precalculus Math
MATH 3450Principles of Bio-Statistics4
PHYS 1401
PHYS 1402
College Physics I
and College Physics II 2
8
PSYC 2301 [shared] General Psychology
WSES 2322Principles of Wildlife Conservation and Management3
WSES 3310Wildlife Management Techniques3
WSES 3311Wildlife Diseases3
or WSES 3303 Veterinary Entomology
WSES 3385 [WI] Fish and Wildlife Laws and Administration3
WSES 4302 [WI] Habitat Management3
Elective: 5-20
Choose any five courses from WSES 3XXX or 4XXX
Total Hours72-87
Food, Nutrition, and Meat Applications
MATH 1314 [shared] College Algebra
BIOL 2401
BIOL 2402 [shared]
Anatomy and Physiology I
and Anatomy & Physiology II 2
Social and Behavioral Sciences Core (choose one):[Shared]
Introductory Agricultural Economics
Introduction To Economics
Principles of Macroeconomics
Engineering Economy
World Regional Geography
Introduction to Human Geography
The Geography of Texas
Introduction to Logic
Ethics in the Professions
Introductory Sociology
Race and Ethnic Relations
Introduction to Archeology
Cultural Anthropology
General Psychology
Communications Requirement (choose one):[Shared]
Introduction to Speech Communication
Public Speaking
Business and Professional Speaking
ANSC 4300 [WI] Research and Writing in Animal Science3
BIOL 3407Microbiology4
CHEM 1411
CHEM 1412
College Chemistry I
and College Chemistry II 2
8
CHEM 2423Organic Chemistry I4
CHEM 4374Biochemistry I3
WSES 1307Concepts and Controversies in Food Studies3
WSES 1305Fundamentals of Crop Science3
WSES 1315Food Preparation and Meal Management3
WSES 1322Nutrition and Diet Therapy3
WSES 3304Food Processing3
WSES 3321Life Cycle Nutrition3
WSES 3325Advanced Meal Management3
WSES 4315Medical Nutrition Therapy3
WSES 4335Food and Culture3
WSES 4408Sustainable Food Systems4
AGRI 1419General Animal Science4
ANSC 3421Meat Science4
ANSC 4314Food Quality Assurance3
Choose one of the following:3
Principles of Health Promotion and Education
Meat Processing and Merchandising
Value-Added Processed Meats
Production and Processing Elective (choose one): 53-4
Aquaponics
Beef Cattle Production
Swine Production
Vegetable Production
Crop Production and Management
Fermentation and Brewing
Open Electives (choose three): 53-9
Sustainability
Aquaponics
Seminar in the Natural Resource Sciences 6
Barbeque Science
Beef Cattle Production
Swine Production
Laboratory Topics in Animal and Food Science
Crop Production and Management
Vegetable Production
Fermentation and Brewing
Ethical Issues in Agriculture and the Natural Resources
Organic Agriculture
Biochemistry II
Total Hours73-80
Agroecology and Sustainable Agriculture
MATH 1314 [shared] College Algebra
MATH 1342Elementary Statistical Methods3
or WSES 2451 Introduction to Geographic Information Systems
BIOL 1406
BIOL 1407 [shared]
Biology for Science Majors
and Biology for Science Majors II 2
BIOL 3407Microbiology4
BIOL 3420Plant Pathology4
BIOL 3436Plant Physiology4
CHEM 1411College Chemistry I 24
CHEM 1412College Chemistry II 24
CHEM 2423Organic Chemistry I4
Communications Requirement (choose one):[Shared]
Introduction to Speech Communication
Public Speaking
Business and Professional Speaking
Environmental Policy Requirement (choose one):3
Environmental Politics
International Environmental Issues
Environmental Law
AGEC 2317 [shared] Introductory Agricultural Economics
WSES 1305Fundamentals of Crop Science3
WSES 2301General Entomology3
WSES 2302Sustainability3
WSES 2405Ecology for Natural Resource Managers4
WSES 3309Aquaponics3
WSES 3319Composting3
WSES 3380Integrated Pest Management3
WSES 3401 [WI] Soils4
WSES 4316Pesticides3
or WSES 3415 Weed Management
WSES 4323Vegetable Production3
WSES 4324Organic Agriculture3
WSES 4325Crop Production and Management3
BIOL 4374Biochemistry I3
or WSES 4450 Soil Nutrient Cycling
Upper-level Electives:2-8
Choose any two WSES 3XXX or 4XXX.
Total Hours73-79
1

 For students in the Sustainability Concentration, WSES 4341 or WSES 4342 may count toward EITHER the Experiential Learning Requirement OR the International and Cultural Focus Area, but not both. 

2

 Course may be counted towards Life and Physical Sciences general education requirement, but you may only share 8 hours total.

3

 This 2-hr internship requirement is in addition to the basic 3 hrs of Experiential Learning required across the major.  At the discretion of the adviser, this course may be substituted for any upper-division WSES or Focus Area course.

4

 A course may not be used to satisfy both the Production and Processing Elective and the Open Elective.

5

 WSES 4185 may be repeated up to three times for credit (for a total of 4 semester credit hours).

6

Students must have credit for MATH 1314 or be concurrently enrolled in order to register for MATH 1316; however, MATH 1314 is NOT required for MATH 2412.

The Bachelor of Science Degree in Environmental Sciences

Required Courses
Students must take 2 Writing Intensive Courses in order to graduate
General Education Requirements42
BIOL 1406 [shared] Biology for Science Majors
CHEM 1411 [shared] College Chemistry I
MATH 1314 [shared] College Algebra
or MATH 2412 Precalculus Math
MATH 1316Plane Trigonometry3
BIOL 1407Biology for Science Majors II4
GEOL 1403Physical Geology4
ENVS 4185Seminar1
MATH 3450Principles of Bio-Statistics4
EASC 4313 [WI] Environmental Techniques3
WSES 3320Watershed Management3
BIOL 4401Ecology4
POLS 3310 [WI] Environmental Politics 13
or POLS 4311 Environmental Law
Select 3 credits of the following:3
Undergraduate Research
Environmental Science Internship
Select one of the following:3
Introduction to Geographic Information Systems
Geographic Information Systems for the Sciences
GIS for Natural Resource Scientists
Total Hours77
Additional Required Courses for Concentrations
Environmental Land and Water Science
CHEM 1412College Chemistry II4
PHYS 1401College Physics I4
MATH 2413Calculus I4
GEOL 1407Introduction to Environmental Science4
WSES 3401 [WI] Soils4
Take a combination of introductory and environmental sociology OR economics courses. The introductory course is shared with the General Education courses3
Introductory Sociology
and Environmental Sociology (shared)
Introduction To Economics
and Environmental Economics (shared)
Environment and Society: Select 1 of the following:3
Environmental Communication
Systems Thinking
Population, Pollution, and Resource Depletion
Water Resources Policy and Management
Ethical Issues in Agriculture and the Natural Resources
Physical and Ecological Sciences: blocks combined must equal 17 hours)17
Physical Sciences: Select at least 2 of the following courses:
Advanced GIS Applications
Environmental Science
Remote Sensing
Geomorphology
Environmental Chemistry
Soil Nutrient Cycling
Soils, Land Use, and The Environment
Ecological Sciences: Select at least 2 of the following courses
Plant Diversity and Conservation
Ecological Restoration of Plant Communities
Plant-Animal Interactions
Ecology and Evolution
Soil Ecology
and Soil Physical Properties
Microbiology
Genomics
Introduction to Marine Biology
Limnology
Total Hours43
Environmental Management and GIS
ENVE 4340Advanced GIS Applications3
WSES 2302Sustainability3
WSES 3401 [WI] Soils4
EASC 3360Remote Sensing3
EASC 3350Environmental Science3
Take a combination of introductory and environmental sociology OR economics courses. The introductory course is shared with the General Education courses 3
Introduction To Economics
and Environmental Economics
Introductory Sociology
and Environmental Sociology
Environment and Society: Select 1 of the following courses3
Environmental Communication
Systems Thinking
Energy, Society, and the Environment
Population, Pollution, and Resource Depletion
Ethical Issues in Agriculture and the Natural Resources
Environmental Politics and Economics: Select 1 of the following:3
International Environmental Issues
Water Resources Policy and Management
International Economics
Ecological and Physical Sciences: Blocks combined must equal 18 hour18
Ecological Sciences: Select at least 2 of the following courses
Soil Ecology
and Soil Physical Properties
Microbiology
Wildlife Conservation and Mgmt
Introduction to Marine Biology
Limnology
Genomics
Physical Sciences: Select 2 of the following courses
Soils, Land Use, and The Environment
Geomorphology
Environmental Chemistry
Soil Genesis, Morphology, and Classification
Soil Nutrient Cycling
Total Hours43
Environmental Policy
Select the course that was not taken to fulfill the General Education Requirement3
Introduction To Economics
Introductory Sociology
ECON 3304Environmental Economics3
POLS 4310 [WI] International Environmental Issues3
WSES 2302Sustainability3
COMM 3305Environmental Communication 3
WSES 2375Soil as the Basis for Society3
WSES 4306Water Resources Policy and Management 3
Environment and Society: Select 2 of the following courses6
Systems Thinking
Population, Pollution, and Resource Depletion
Biotechnology and Sustainability
Ethical Issues in Agriculture and the Natural Resources
Environmental Politics and Economics: Select 2 of the following courses6
International Economics
Public Administration
Conflict Studies
Peace Studies
Physical and Ecological Sciences: Blocks combined must equal 10 hours10
Ecological Sciences: Select at least one of the following courses
Soil Ecology
and Soil Physical Properties
Microbiology
Limnology
Wildlife Conservation and Mgmt
Introduction to Marine Biology
Habitat Management
Ecology and Evolution
Physical Sciences: Select at least one of the following courses
Advanced GIS Applications
Geomorphology
Environmental Science
Environmental Chemistry
Soil Genesis, Morphology, and Classification
Soil Nutrient Cycling
Soils, Land Use, and The Environment
Total Hours43
1

 You must take at least 2 Writing Intensive (WI) Courses to graduate

Minor in Wildlife Management

Required Courses
WSES 2405Ecology for Natural Resource Managers4
or BIOL 4401 Ecology
WSES 2322Principles of Wildlife Conservation and Management3
WSES 3310Wildlife Management Techniques3
WSES 4302 [WI] Habitat Management3
Select one of the following:3
GIS for Natural Resource Scientists
Wildland Plant Identification and Ecology
Dendrology and Woody Plant Identification
Wildlife Diseases
Fish and Wildlife Laws and Administration
Human Dimensions of Fish and Wildlife Management
Population Dynamics, Modeling, and Analysis
Population Genetics
Urban Wildlife and Fisheries
Big Game Ecology and Management
Avian Ecology and Management
Study Abroad in Natural Resource Conservation
Select one of the following:4
Ethology
Ornithology
Herpetology
Mammalogy
Total Hours20

Minor in Sustainability Studies

Required Courses
WSES 1301Society, Natural Resources, and the Environment3
WSES 3375Population, Pollution, and Resource Depletion3
Choose 3-12 hours from the following: 1
Concepts and Controversies in Food Studies
Biotechnology and Sustainability
Water Resources Policy and Management
Energy, Society, and the Environment
Study Abroad in Natural Resource Conservation
Choose your remaining classes from the following, for a total of 18 hrs in the minor: 1
International Trade and Agriculture
Recreation and Tourism Economics
Introduction to Mass Communication
Intercultural Communication
Environmental Economics
Geographic Information Systems for the Sciences
Meteorology
Environmental Science
Oceanography
Environmental Techniques
Natural Disasters
Political Economy of Globalization
Environmental Politics
International Environmental Issues
Environmental Law
Social Psychology
Industrial/Organizational Psychology
Introductory Sociology
Environmental Sociology
Soil as the Basis for Society
GIS for Natural Resource Scientists
Ethical Issues in Agriculture and the Natural Resources
Fish and Wildlife Laws and Administration
Sustainable Food Systems
Food and Culture
Livestock Management
Livestock and Meat Evaluation
Meat Science
Meat Processing and Merchandising
Plant Taxonomy
Ecology
Introduction to Marine Biology
Ecology and Evolution
Ornithology
Herpetology
Mammalogy
Ichthyology
1

At least 6 hrs must be upper division courses.


Minor in Plant Conservation

Required Courses
WSES 2405Ecology for Natural Resource Managers4
WSES 3406Wildland Plant Identification and Ecology4
or WSES 3408 Dendrology and Woody Plant Identification
WSES 3313Plant Diversity and Conservation3
WSES 4302 [WI] Habitat Management3
WSES 4303Ecological Restoration of Plant Communities3
Choose one of the following:3-4
Soils
Watershed Management
Plant-Animal Interactions
Genomics
Study Abroad in Natural Resource Conservation
Total Hours20

Minor in Soil Science

Required Courses
WSES 3401 [WI] Soils4
WSES 3402Soils, Land Use, and The Environment4
WSES 3412Soil Genesis, Morphology, and Classification4
WSES 4450Soil Nutrient Cycling4
Choose one of the following:3-4
GIS for Natural Resource Scientists
Study Abroad in Natural Resource Conservation
Watershed Management
Genomics
Total Hours19-20

Minor in Ecosystem Science

Field of Study Courses
Select 7 hrs from the following:7
Soils, Land Use, and The Environment
Veterinary Entomology
GIS for Natural Resource Scientists
Wildland Plant Identification and Ecology
Dendrology and Woody Plant Identification
Soil Genesis, Morphology, and Classification
Plant Diversity and Conservation
Watershed Management
Habitat Management
Ecological Restoration of Plant Communities
Plant-Animal Interactions
Genomics
Soil Nutrient Cycling
Other Required Courses
WSES 1301Society, Natural Resources, and the Environment3
WSES 2405Ecology for Natural Resource Managers4
WSES 3401 [WI] Soils4
Total Hours18

Minor in Crop Science

Required Courses
WSES 1305Fundamentals of Crop Science3
WSES 2301General Entomology3
WSES 3380Integrated Pest Management3
or WSES 4316 Pesticides
WSES 3401 [WI] Soils4
WSES 4325Crop Production and Management3
BIOL 3420Plant Pathology4
or BIOL 3436 Plant Physiology
Total Hours20

Minor in Natural Resource Ecology

Required Courses
WSES 2405Ecology for Natural Resource Managers4
RNRM 3301Principles of Range Management3
WSES 3406Wildland Plant Identification and Ecology4
or WSES 3408 Dendrology and Woody Plant Identification
WSES 4309 [WI] Plant-Animal Interactions3
Choose two courses from the following:6-7
Range Improvement and Development
GIS for Natural Resource Scientists
Systems Thinking
Plant Diversity and Conservation
Watershed Management
Soils
Ecological Restoration of Plant Communities
Principles of Wildlife Conservation and Management
Fire Ecology
Study Abroad in Natural Resource Conservation
Total Hours20

Plant and Soil Science Courses

PSSC 2470. Introduction to Turfgrass Science. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

An introduction to turfgrass history, benefits, and use. Growth and development of various turfgrass species and their culture, including pest and disease management. Lab fee: $15.

Wildlife, Sustainability and Ecosystem Sciences Courses

WSES 1100. Transitioning to University Studies in the Natural Resource Sciences. 1 Credit Hour (Lecture: 1 Hour, Lab: 1 Hour).

Practical study designed to prepare the student for university life, aid in development of skills for academic success, promote personal growth and responsibility, encourage active involvement in the learning process from an individual college perspective, and introduce students to the field of wildlife, sustainability, and ecosystem sciences. Prerequisites: Major in WSES or approval of the instructor.

WSES 1119. Natural Resource Competition I. 1 Credit Hour (Lecture: 1 Hour, Lab: 0 Hours).

This course provides an introduction to various natural resource-based competitive events. Competition rules, conduct, and etiquette are discussed. The students are introduced to basic facts regarding their chosen field of study. Prerequisites: Approval of the instructor.

WSES 1301. Society, Natural Resources, and the Environment. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

This course provides a broad overview of the role of the environment and natural resources in human society, with particular emphasis on Texas and the United States. A history of the environmental movement is presented. Students study the importance of natural resources in providing basic human necessities, and how these resources are managed. Various careers in environmental science, natural resource management, and wildlife conservation are also discussed.

WSES 1305. Fundamentals of Crop Science. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

Classification and distribution of farm crops; importance of food cultivars and good seed; crop improvement; preparation of seedbed, commercial fertilizers, manures, and lime; seeding practices; crop tillage; harvesting; meadow and pasture management; weeds; crop rotation; diseases and insect enemies. Lab fee $5.

WSES 1307. Concepts and Controversies in Food Studies. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Society has begun to take steps to know more about their food. This course will introduce students to the principles of Food Studies and will explore the role food narratives and exposés play in the consumer’s perception of the current food supply. It will provide a foundation for understanding the connections among food production, ecology, ethics, cuisine, nutrition and health within the framework of sustainability.

WSES 1315. Food Preparation and Meal Management. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

Study of food, food composition, and scientific principles involved in food preparation. Lab fee: $25.

WSES 1322. Nutrition and Diet Therapy. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

(TCCNS = HECO 1322 or BIOL 1322) A study of the essential nutrients, including nutrient functions, food sources, deficiency symptoms, and toxicity symptoms; the nutritional requirements of individuals throughout the life cycle; the effects of nutrition on health and fitness; nutrition fads and controversies; and evaluation of personal eating habits. Prerequisite Course(s): One semester of chemistry is recommended.

WSES 2112. Soil Morphology. 1 Credit Hour (Lecture: 1 Hour, Lab: 0 Hours).

Soil morphology, characterizations of soil, and judging of soils for various uses by field-based assessment. Lab fee: $25.

WSES 2119. Natural Resource Competition II. 1 Credit Hour (Lecture: 1 Hour, Lab: 0 Hours).

Intended for students with basic understanding of the conduct of their chosen natural resource event, this course provides more advanced study of the topic. Students expand upon the introductory material discussed in Natural Resource Competition I to include a wider array of natural resource science related facts and concepts. Prerequisites: WSES 1119 or approval of the instructor.

WSES 2301. General Entomology. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

Principal orders of insects; the relation of anatomy and physiology of insects to control methods; insecticides and their uses; development, habits, and economic importance of more common insects with control methods for the injurious species. Lab fee: $4.

WSES 2302. Sustainability. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Sustainability is often defined as the intersection among ecological, economic, and social factors. Sustainability is also used to describe systems that are resilient and, thus, are able to recover following a disturbance. In the almost 30 years since this term became popular, “sustainable” has been used to describe various activities: sustainable development, sustainable agriculture, sustainable fisheries, sustainable energy use, sustainable transportation systems, and sustainable economic growth. Indicators of sustainability have been developed to analyze the sustainability of everything from wildlife management practices to cities. This course will explore the varied perspectives of sustainability and analyze factors that contribute to or decrease system sustainability. It will also investigate the social, economic, and environmental barriers to achieving sustainable systems and options for overcoming these barriers.

WSES 2309. Biotechnology and Sustainability. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Beginning with background information on basic biological molecules and processes, the course will provide students with an overview of agricultural, medical, pharmaceutical, and forensic applications of biotechnology, both historical and modern. Fundamental technical processes used to manipulate living organisms and biomolecules will be discussed. The development of biotechnology will be explored using case studies, and the ethical, social, regulatory, ecological, economic, and safety ramifications of new technologies will be compared and contrasted with conventional methods of biomanipulation when possible.

WSES 2322. Principles of Wildlife Conservation and Management. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

A study of the fundamental principles of wildlife conservation and management, stressing the application of ecological principles to achieve wildlife management objectives. Topics will include conservation, management, and restoration of wildlife habitats; wildlife population assessment and management; human dimensions and human-wildlife interactions; management of wildlife in agricultural, range, and forested ecosystems; and wildlife policy at the local, state, national, and international level. Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in MATH 1316 and WSES 2405; or approval of the instructor.

WSES 2375. Soil as the Basis for Society. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

The underpinnings of the scientific principles of soils, how people have harmed them, and why everyone should be concerned with how we treat them. This course may not be used to fulfill the degree requirements for wildlife or ecosystem sciences.

WSES 2405. Ecology for Natural Resource Managers. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

A study of the interactions of plants, animals, and the environment and how these interactions respond to human influence. Emphasis will be placed on terrestrial ecosystems (rangelands, grasslands, deserts, wetlands, and forests), and specific interactions among species which can be manipulated to achieve management outcomes. The laboratory will have a significant outdoor field component. Prerequisites: Grade of C or better in BIOL 1406 and either BIOL 1407 or GEOL 1407, or approval of the instructor.

WSES 2451. Introduction to Geographic Information Systems. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

This is a cross-listed course with GEOG 2451 Intro to GIS. Basic concepts of design, planning and implementation of geographic information systems. Students will learn how to create, manipulate, project, and interpret geographic information. Students are encouraged to take GEOG 1451: Pre-GIS before this course. Lab fee: $2.

WSES 2470. Introduction to Turfgrass Science. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

An introduction to turfgrass history, benefits, and use. Growth and development of various turfgrass species and their culture, including pest and disease management. Lab fee: $2.

WSES 3119. Natural Resource Competition III. 1 Credit Hour (Lecture: 1 Hour, Lab: 0 Hours).

This course is a more advanced treatment of the student’s chosen natural resource event. It is intended for students with experience in the competition, having participated in at least one competitive event. Prerequisite: WSES 2119 and approval of the instructor.

WSES 3302. Soils, Land Use, and The Environment. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Students will examine the interactions among soil physical, chemical, and biological process affecting soil, water, and environmental quality. These interactions will be addressed in relation to land use management practices such as erosion control, soil conservation, soil reclamation, riparian buffers, bioswales, and artificial wetlands. Throughout the course, land use planning tools, including WebSoil Survey and GIS will be used. Prerequisite: WSES 3401, or WSES 2375 and consent of the instructor.

WSES 3303. Veterinary Entomology. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

Classification, biology, and control of arthropods associated with livestock and wildlife. Identification will be emphasized in the laboratory. Prerequisites: AGRI 1319 or approval of instructor. Lab fee: $5.

WSES 3304. Food Processing. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

A study of the world food supply, trends and traditions in diet and food sanitation, safety, security, and biotechnology, and impact of processing on diet quality. Lab fee: $25.

WSES 3305. GIS for Natural Resource Scientists. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

An introductory course on the use of geographic information systems (GIS) in natural resource management. Laboratory exercises will apply knowledge learned in lectures to solve real world problems in natural resource management using GIS software. Lab fee $25.

WSES 3307. Systems Thinking. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

This course focuses on the examination and analysis of complex systems, particularly in the environmental, natural resources, and sustainability fields. Major topics will include system structure, system behavior, feedback loops, stock and flow models, non-linear and emergent properties, self-organization, and the application of systems thinking to problem-solving. A significant component of the course will be development and analysis of computer models of complex systems. Prerequisite: C or better in MATH 1314 or equivalent, or approval of the instructor. Lab fee: 2.

WSES 3309. Aquaponics. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

Students will examine the pros and cons of various aquaponics methods like raft, nutrient film, vertical towers, and media filled beds and their applications for growing fish and plants sustainably for a family/community or for profit. Students will construct a backyard aquaponics system, establish/harvest plants, and prepare a meal in laboratory. Topics covered are plant and fish choices and recommendations; planting/growing techniques; fish biology, stocking rates, and feeds; plant/fish care and health; water quality; system design, filtration and plumbing components; daily operation; greenhouse management/seasonal adjustments; system start up; food preparation; economics and business considerations.

WSES 3310. Wildlife Management Techniques. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

Field and laboratory techniques used in wildlife management and research. Determining age and food habits, population analysis, habitat analysis, and introduction to research. Prerequisite: Grades of C or better in WSES 2322 and MATH 1316, or approval of instructor. Modest cost of field trips will be borne by student.

WSES 3311. Wildlife Diseases. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Basic mechanisms of disease as they occur in wildlife populations; interplay of environmental conditions, individual physiological requirements, and disease agents of various wildlife species. Epidemiology and management of infectious and non-infectious diseases. Prerequisites: Grade of C or better in WSES 2322 or approval of instructor.

WSES 3313. Plant Diversity and Conservation. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

The course focuses on patterns and distribution of plant diversity and threats to plant diversity. The focus will be on plant communities found in a variety of range, forests, and other systems. Strategies and approaches used in plant conservation will be discussed. Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in WSES 2405, and junior classification; or approval of the instructor.

WSES 3314. Honey Production and Pollinator Ecology. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

This course is designed for students interested in honey bee production. Topics discussed will include, honey bee biology, pollination ecology, honey bee hive management, disease and arthropod pest management, and the harvesting and marketing of honey, pollen, wax, and other honey bee products. Students will work with live bee colonies and they must provide their own vial and hive tools.

WSES 3319. Composting. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

The art and science of composting of agricultural, municipal, foodservice and household wastes to include composting techniques, waste products and feedstocks, aerobic vs. anaerobic processes, evaluation of composted products and their beneficial uses. Biological processes used to decompose organic materials will be studied. Prerequisites: Junior standing or permission of the instructor.

WSES 3320. Watershed Management. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Management and planning of range or forest land watersheds for maintenance or improvement of water and soil resources. Effects of vegetation and land management practices on water quality and quantity, erosion, and sedimentation. Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in WSES 2405.

WSES 3321. Life Cycle Nutrition. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Explores in depth the contribution that diet and nutrition make to support growth and the development process throughout the life cycle. Examines the distinct set of nutritional priorities for each stage of the life cycle with a focus on health promotion and disease prevention as underlying lifetime goals. Prerequisite: WSES 1322.

WSES 3323. Ethical Issues in Agriculture and the Natural Resources. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Students will examine the several major ethical issues facing agriculture and natural resources sciences in our current society. Readings, discussions and lectures will focus on the scientific, capitalistic, and philosophical motivation in common ethical issues. Upon completion of the course, students will be able to construct and dissect ethical arguments and hopefully become more aware of the ethical dilemmas we all face each day.

WSES 3325. Advanced Meal Management. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

Designed to apply the fundamentals of nutrition and food preparation in all types of meal service. Special emphasis is on time and money management. Lab fee: $25.

WSES 3375. Population, Pollution, and Resource Depletion. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Principles and philosophies associated with the development, management, and use of natural resources are studied in the relationship to the ecological and social implications inherent in management alternatives involving the natural environmental and the use of renewable natural resources. Prerequisite: junior classification.

WSES 3380. Integrated Pest Management. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

An introduction to the basic tenets of integrated pest management emphasizing the ecologically sound use of chemical, biological, cultural, and physical control tactics in managing pests. Prerequisites: WSES 2301 and Junior or Senior classification, or approval of instructor of record.

WSES 3385. Fish and Wildlife Laws and Administration. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours). [WI]

A review and analysis of state and federal laws and international treaties and conventions affecting fish and wildlife; their application and administration. The organizational structure of state, federal and international agencies; their objectives, policies and practices. Prerequisite: AGRI 2330, or WSES 2322 and junior classification.

WSES 3386. Human Dimensions of Fish and Wildlife Management. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Today’s natural resource scientist must interact with diverse publics and stakeholders to achieve conservation goals. Few professionals receive training to navigate the murky waters of human dimensions of natural resources management. This course will give students an understanding of ways in which elements of human psychology and society shape our perceptions and management of wildlife and fisheries resources, and how to interact with these stakeholders to achieve ecologically-sound management and conservation. Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in WSES 2322.

WSES 3401. Soils. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours). [WI]

Designed to acquaint the student with the field of soil science. Basic principles of the physical, chemical, and biological properties of the soil and their general applications. Prerequisites: CHEM 1411 and junior classification. Lab fee: $2.

WSES 3406. Wildland Plant Identification and Ecology. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

Identification and classification of wildland plants in the United States, with emphasis on distribution, ecology, and economic value of species found in rangeland, forest, grassland, desert, and wetland systems in Texas. Prerequisites: Grade of C or better in BIOL 1406, BIOL 1407, and WSES 2405.

WSES 3408. Dendrology and Woody Plant Identification. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

The study of woody plants, including trees, shrubs, and vines, with an emphasis on species common to north central Texas. Morphological, ecological and phenological traits will be used in field identification. The distribution, habitat, ecology, and importance of these species to wildlife and people will be explored, including community dynamics and the effects of disturbance and succession. Prerequisite: BIOL 3415 or approval of the instructor.

WSES 3412. Soil Genesis, Morphology, and Classification. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

Soil development, classification, and mapping. Laboratory work will consist of field study of the morphological features of the soil profile and the mapping of designated areas using standardized methods. Prerequisite: WSES 3401. Lab fee $25.

WSES 3415. Weed Management. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

General principles in the development of weed prevention and management programs. Common weed ecology and life cycles, land management factors, herbicide selection and performance, and cultural control strategies. Laboratory includes weed identification and herbicide application methods. Prerequisite: WSES 1305 Lab fee $2.

WSES 4084. Internship in the Natural Resource Sciences. 1-6 Credit Hours (Lecture: 0 Hours, Lab: 1-6 Hours).

Formally arranged and approved on-the-job training with a cooperating sponsor in government of private sector of the natural resources or environmental field. A minimum of 40 hours of training is required for each hour of academic credit. A maximum of six hours of credit may be earned. Oral and written reports of the experience are required. Prerequisite: advanced standing and approval of the instructor. Lab fee: $30.

WSES 4086. Problems in Natural Resource Sciences. 1-6 Credit Hours (Lecture: 0 Hours, Lab: 1-6 Hours).

Individualized study of current topics in wildlife, natural resources, environmental science, or related discipline. Specific content and credit depend upon student’s interests, needs, and depth of study. May be repeated as topics vary. Prerequisite: approval of instructor.

WSES 4088. Undergraduate Research in the Natural Resource Sciences. 1-6 Credit Hours (Lecture: 0 Hours, Lab: 1-6 Hours).

Fundamental research methods will be addressed through a faculty-directed project. Participation in an abbreviated lecture series may be required. Project components may include a literature review, data collection and analysis, testing, planning, project design, and/or computer modeling. the student may be required to prepare a final report and produce a presentation. Prerequisites: Approval of the instructor.

WSES 4090. Special Topics in the Natural Resource Sciences. 6 Credit Hours (Lecture: 0-6 Hours, Lab: 0-6 Hours).

Selected topics in wildlife, natural resources, environmental science, or related discipline. May be repeated for credit when topics vary. Prerequisite: approval of instructor.

WSES 4119. Natural Resource Competition IV. 1 Credit Hour (Lecture: 1 Hour, Lab: 0 Hours).

This course is intended for highly advanced students who have developed significant experience and competencies in their respective natural resource competition. Students will be expected to take a leadership role on the Tarleton State University Quiz Bowl Team and demonstrate significant ability during practice and competitive events. Prerequisite: WSES 3119 and approval of the instructor. Prerequisites: WSES 3119 and approval of the instructor.

WSES 4185. Seminar in the Natural Resource Sciences. 1 Credit Hour (Lecture: 1 Hour, Lab: 0 Hours).

A review of current issues and developments in natural resources or environmental sciences. Discussion of professional opportunities and responsibilities. Students will complete individual investigation and oral and written reports using scientific literature. Prerequisites: senior classification with a major in Wildlife, Sustainability, and Ecosystem Sciences; or approval of the instructor. Prerequisites: Senior classification with a major in Wildlife, Sustainability, and Ecosystem Sciences; or approval of the instructor.

WSES 4187. Senior Capstone Seminar. 1 Credit Hour (Lecture: 1 Hour, Lab: 0 Hours).

This one-hour seminar is designed to provide students with skills at synthesizing and presenting the results of lower-division work, specifically applied learning experiences such as internships, undergraduate research, and study abroad. Course will include a writing and public speaking component. Prerequisites: Successful completion of WSES 4084, WSES 4088, WSES 4340, or WSES 4342, or approval of the Department Head.

WSES 4212. Soil Ecology. 2 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Soil ecosystems are central to the decomposition of organic matter and soil nutrient cycling. In addition, soil organisms are responsible for soil reclamation processes including the degradation of pesticides, hydrocarbons, pathogens, and other soil contaminants. This course will include characterizations of organisms in the soil food web, analyses of interrelationships among soil organisms, and assessments of interactions between soil organisms and their environmental conditions. Prerequisite: WSES 3401, and either WSES 2405 or BIOL 4401, or approval of the instructor.

WSES 4213. Soil Physical Properties. 2 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Soil physical characteristics and their relationship to soil management; emphasis placed on methods of measuring soil and soil conservation. Topics covered include soil phases, soil water properties, particle size, clay and clay mineralogy, and environmental impacts. Prerequisite: WSES 3401.

WSES 4301. Population Dynamics, Modeling, and Analysis. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

An introduction to population biology, including models of simple population growth, competition, and predator-prey interactions; demographic rates; and life tables. Prerequisites: Grade of C or better in WSES 2322 and grade of C or better in MATH 1316; or approval of instructor. Prerequisites: Grade of C or better in WSES 2322 and grade of C or better in MATH 1316; or approval of instructor.

WSES 4302. Habitat Management. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours). [WI]

Application of ecological principles to the management of native plant communities. Particular focus will be on plant ecology and physiology and their role in the conservation and management of wildlife habitat. Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in WSES 2405 and grade of C or better in WSES 2322, or approval of the instructor.

WSES 4303. Ecological Restoration of Plant Communities. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

The class is an introduction to landscape- scale, process-oriented approaches to ecological restoration. Topics include enhancing resource capture, techniques in re-vegetation and restoration of historic vegetation. Prescribed fire and grazing as restoration and management techniques for range and forest systems will also be addressed. Prerequisite: BIOL 3415, grade of C or better in WSES 2405, and junior classification, or approval of the instructor.

WSES 4304. Population Genetics. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

An exploration of the principles of population genetics. Lecture will be a discussion of factors affecting the dynamics of allelic frequencies and the population-level consequences of manipulating these factors. Lecture topics will include the effects of selection, mutation, population size and genetic drift, neutral theory, population structure, inbreeding, and linkage disequilibrium. A significant portion of the class will be dedicated to working on problem sets to provide an empirical connection to population genetic theories. Prerequisite: BIOL 3303, BIOL 3403, or AGRI 3409.

WSES 4305. Urban Wildlife and Fisheries. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

This course trains students to establish and maintain diverse, self-sustaining urban wildlife and fish populations at levels in harmony with ecological, social, an economic values of the human community and to develop optimal levels of public appreciation and use of urban wildlife an fish resources and associated habitats. Includes discussions on conservation education as a tool for furthering urban wildlife and fisheries appreciation.

WSES 4306. Water Resources Policy and Management. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

This course will present an overview of water policy, laws and regulations related to ecosystem resource management focusing on water quality, water quantity and water as habitat. Major US and Texas environmental laws regarding water will be covered including the respective agencies involved with regulations. Case studies will facilitate discussion of science-policy interactions with resource management in the implementation of these laws and regulations.

WSES 4307. Energy, Society, and the Environment. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

This course addresses fundamental principles and concepts of energy including the nature of energy flows and storage, potential and kinetic energy, energy loss and reversible and irreversible processes, as well as the effects of energy exploration, distribution, consumption, and conservation on society and the environment.

WSES 4309. Plant-Animal Interactions. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours). [WI]

Plant-animal and animal-plant interactions are the basis for many ecosystem functions. This course tailors the study of those interactions to student interests from insects to ungulates, aquatic to terrestrial, managed to natural systems, and individual species to ecosystems. Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in WSES 2405 and junior classification, or approval of the instructor.

WSES 4311. Fire Ecology. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

This course will address the ecological role of fire in natural systems, including rangelands, grasslands, shrublands, woodlands, and forests; adaptations of plants and animals to fire; long-term controls on wild fire; use of fire as an ecosystem management tool, with aspects of wildland firefighting; and prescribed burning, including fire behavior, fuels, weather, politics and policy. Students will gain hands-on prescribed burning experiences as circumstances and weather permit. Prerequisites: WSES 2405 or BIOL 4401, or approval of the instructor. Lab fee: $2.

WSES 4315. Medical Nutrition Therapy. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

The study of the physiological basis and application of medical nutrition therapy using the nutrition care process as related to specific health conditions. Medical terminology, nutrition assessment techniques and case studies are explored. Prerequisite: WSES 1322 or approval of the instructor.

WSES 4316. Pesticides. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

A survey of chemical pesticides. Emphasis will be on the chemistry, mode of action, and safe use of insecticides, herbicides, and fungicides. Less common pesticides (rodenticides, piscicides, avicides, etc.) will also be reviewed. The use of chemical pesticides as a part of an integrated pest management program will be discussed. Prerequisites: WSES 2301 and senior classification or approval of instructor of record.

WSES 4323. Vegetable Production. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

The study of vegetable production techniques including site selection, nutritional requirements, insects, diseases and varieties. Emphasis will be placed on small scale gardening techniques, crop rotation, and layout and design parameters to maximize production on small land areas. Seasonal variations (spring, summer, fall and winter) that influence crop selection and management practices will be evaluated. Prerequisites: Junior standing or permission of the instructor.

WSES 4324. Organic Agriculture. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Organic agriculture will examine a brief history of the industry development, changes in the structure and industry, USDA NOP rules and regulations, and certification to provide a scope of understanding for the course. The majority of the course will focus on the mechanics of crop and vegetable production in an organic system including seed sources, planting considerations, environment, soil fertility, plant nutrition, soil preparation, weed control methods, insect and disease prevention, rules in applications, harvest issues, and marketing.

WSES 4325. Crop Production and Management. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Current concepts and practices in field crop production with emphasis on the applications of technology. Recognition and discussion of cultural practices, fertilization, irrigation, weed and pest control from economic and environmental perspectives. Review of crop improvement strategies and bio-engineering.

WSES 4326. Big Game Ecology and Management. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

Survey of the distributions and life histories of North American big game species. Productivity, food habits, economic significance, and management will be examined. Will include a study of current management strategies employed on deer farms in North America with a focus on the Texas deer industry and impacts on traditional wildlife management. Prerequisites: a grade of C or better in WSES 2322 and 8 hours of advanced WSES courses, or approval of the instructor. Modest cost of field trips will be borne by the student.

WSES 4327. Avian Ecology and Management. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

A study of major wild bird groups, their interactions with their environment, and how these interactions can be manipulated to achieve management objectives. Course emphasis will be on species of conservation significance, including game, nongame, and vulnerable species. Major topics will include population management of migratory and non-migratory birds, habitat management, and wildlife policy consideration unique to bird conservation. Modest cost of field trips will be borne by the student. Prerequisites: a grade of C or better in WSES 2322, junior classification or higher, or approval of the instructor. Lab fee: $20.

WSES 4335. Food and Culture. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

A study of the food beliefs and practices of the major ethnic and religious groups in the U. S. and the nutritional implications of these food practices, a cultural analysis of American food trends; ethnic issues and dietary changes; and research methods in food habits. Lab fee: $25.

WSES 4340. Natural Resource Field Studies. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

A field course in which students capture, measure, and mark animals; collect descriptive measures of vegetation that characterizes wildlife habitat; and record field observations using a journal. This course requires a one-week field trip at student’s expense (in addition to the field experience fee). Prerequisite: a grade of C or better in WSES 2322 or approval of the instructor.

WSES 4341. Study Abroad in Natural Resource Conservation. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

This course will be conducted at various sites outside the United States. The goal of this course will be to introduce students to the natural resources of other countries, with a focus on wildlife and ecosystem management and conservation in the context of continued development. We will address issues such as human-wildlife conflicts, the role of wildlife in ecotourism activities, the provision of ecosystem services by wild animals, and the management of wildlife on both public and private lands. Enrollment in this course requires a significant study abroad program fee. May be repeated for credits when topics vary. Prerequisite: Approval of the instructor.

WSES 4342. Field Study Abroad in Natural Resource Conservation. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

This is the field component to WSES 4341, where students will engage in hands-on activities geared toward understanding the biology of local wildlife populations and associated management issues. Enrollment in this course requires a significant study abroad program fee. May be repeated for credits when topics vary. Requires concurrent enrollment in the relevant section of WSES 4341. Prerequisites: Approval of the instructor.

WSES 4401. Ethology. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 4 Hours).

An introductory course in the behavior of animals, with emphasis on the natural selection, ontogeny, and function of behaviors as they relate to feeding, reproduction, predator-avoidance, and other traits. Both proximate (sensory, hormonal, genetic) and ultimate (ecological and evolutionary) mechanisms are addressed. Prerequisite: C or better in BIOL 1306 and BIOL 1307, and a C or better in either AGRI 1319 or WSES 2322. Lab fee: 2.

WSES 4407. Fermentation and Brewing. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

This course provides a basic understanding of the history of food safety, sanitation, fermentation, fermented foods, beer brewing, wine and cheese making, along with an introduction to industry organization; from commodities production, to processing, distribution, marketing, and sales. The course provides direct hands-on instruction in small-scale brewing. It combines elements of science (chemistry, biology, and physics), economics, food preparation, aesthetics, preferences, and taste. Modest cost of field trips will be borne by the student. Prerequisites: Senior classification and completion of 8 hours of BIOL and 8 hours of CHEM; or approval of the instructor. Must be 21 years of age or older on the first class day to enroll in this course.

WSES 4408. Sustainable Food Systems. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

This course will survey issues surrounding food production and examine the environmental and social impact of current food production systems. Specific emphasis will be placed on emerging trends to increase the sustainability of food production, distribution, and consumption. This course includes a laboratory field component and will require some field work outside normal class times. Prerequisites: WSES 1307. Lab fee: $25.

WSES 4410. Genomics. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

An exploration of practical applications for high throughput DNA sequencing technology. Hands-on research projects will provide experience in proper sample collection and preparation, automated robotic DNA library preparation, DNA barcoding, quality control metrics, instrument loading and run initiation, and an overview of data processing for a single instrument run generating hundreds of millions of DNA sequences. Prerequisite: BIOL 3303 or AGRI 3409 Lab fee: $2.

WSES 4450. Soil Nutrient Cycling. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

Provides an understanding of plant nutrition, soil nutrient cycling, and nutrient management. Includes discussion of soil biological, physical, and chemical properties and interactions with nutrient availability to crops and nutrient fate in the environment. Students will identify plant nutrition/soil fertility problems and recommend corrective action, identify soil and nutrient management. Prerequisite: WSES 3401. Lab fee: $25.

WSES 4470. Turfgrass Management & Irrigation. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 0-3 Hours, Lab: 0-2 Hours).

Characteristics and management of turfgrasses used for home lawns, recreational areas and sports fields. Turfgrass irrigation system design. Prerequisites: HORT 1301, PSSC 2370 or instructor approval. Lab fee: $6.

Dr. T. Wayne Schwertner, Department Head
Department of Wildlife, Sustainability and Ecosystem Sciences
Joe W. Autry Agriculture Building, Room 201
Box T-0050
Stephenville, Texas 76402
(254) 968-9221
(254) 968-9228
schwertner@tarleton.edu
http://www.tarleton.edu/env-ag-mgmt/index.html

Professors

  • Cawthon, Don Dr.
  • Dottavio, F. Dominic Dr.
  • Kattes, David Dr.
  • McFarland, Anne Dr.
  • Muir, James Dr.
  • Wittie, Roger Dr.

Associate professors

  • Breeden, Jeff Dr.
  • Cummings, Hennen Dr.
  • McGahan, Donald Dr.
  • McGregor, Kyle Dr.

Assistant professors

  • Bellows, Barbara Dr.
  • Brady, Jeff Dr.
  • Mathewson, Heather Dr.
  • McKeehan, Paula Ms.
  • Schwertner, Thomas Dr.

Adjunct professors

  • Glass, Jacqueline Ms
  • Murray, Darrel Dr.
  • Tomecek, John Dr.
  • Tuggle, Justin Dr.