Department of Wildlife and Natural Resources

Wildlife and Natural Resources is dedicated to the understanding and management of earth's ecosystems. Our mission is to prepare students to confront the environmental challenges of present and future generations by sustainably managing natural resources through multidisciplinary teaching, experiential learning, and research.

Many of our degree plans fulfill the educational requirements for certification by various professional organizations. Examples of professional certifications our graduates are eligible for are:

• Certified Wildlife Biologist -- The Wildlife Society
• Certified Fisheries Professional --The American Fisheries Society
• Certified Ecologist --The Ecological Society of America
• Certified Rangeland Professional --The Society for Range Management
• Certified Ecological Restoration Practitioner --Society for Ecological Restoration
• Certified Professional Soil Scientist -- Soil Science Society of America
• Certified Crop Advisor --The American Society of Agronomy

The Department of Wildlife and Natural Resources administers the following degrees and support areas:

Bachelor Science in Wildlife, Sustainability, and Ecosystem Sciences

• Wildlife and Ecology Management. Designed to prepare graduates for a career in wildlife conservation and management and fulfills all the educational requirements to become a Certified Wildlife Biologist through The Wildlife Society. Graduates frequently find careers with state and federal wildlife agencies, non-governmental organizations, environmental consulting firms, and private ranches. 

• Fisheries Ecology and Management. Combines a basic understanding of fish biology and aquatic sciences with a deep knowledge of applied ecology and fisheries management. Curriculum meets the requirements of the American Fisheries Society for a Certified Fisheries Professional. Graduates find careers in government as well as the private sector managing freshwater and marine fisheries for both recreational and commercial fishing.

• Pre-Veterinary Medicine. Designed to prepare students for admission to a college of veterinary medicine. The curriculum is based on the requirements set forth by the Texas A&M College of Veterinary Medicine. Additional courses prepare students for a career in wildlife science, or for a future specialization in wildlife or zoo medicine. Graduates can pursue any veterinary specialty (small-animal, livestock, or wildlife).

• Zoo Animal and Confined Wildlife Biology and Management. Combines wildlife science and animal science to create a unique educational experience that addresses the special needs of wildlife in confined situations. Graduates are equipped to manage wild animals in zoos, animal parks, game breeding operations, and wildlife rehabilitation facilities.

• Natural Resource Ecology. Encompasses such disciplines as range science and restoration ecology. Provides the required coursework to become Rangeland Management certified by the Society for Range Management, or a Certified Restoration Practitioner endorsed by the Society for Ecological Restoration. Focuses on management of plant communities in range, forest, and other wildland systems. Graduates find careers on private ranches and farms as owners or as professional consultants. They are also prepared for careers with the Natural Resource Conservation Service, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension, the US Forest Service, and The Nature Conservancy. 

• Natural Resource Policy.  For students interested in the laws and policies aspect of natural resource ecology and management. This degree includes a component of natural resource policy courses. It will prepare students for a career focused on natural resource law or policy formation such as a natural resource agency administrative position.

• Soil Science. Focuses on the chemical, physical, and ecological properties of soils vital to the conservation of many natural resources. Includes soil fertility, soil as a component of the environment, soil's role in land management, soil genesis, soil morphology, and soil classification. Prepares the student for careers as a soil conservationist or soil scientist with such agencies as the Natural Resource Conservation Service, or the US Forest Service, US Bureau of Land Management, US Environmental Protection Agency, and other State and Federal agencies working in both wildland and agricultural systems. 

• Entomology. Designed to provide students with an ecological framework of insects and related arthropods for a holistic approach towards the conservation and management of insects as they pertain to ecosystem services and other species of wildlife. Curriculum equips students with scientifically and environmentally-sound techniques to pursue careers in ecological monitoring, environmental risk assessment, integrated pest management, nature education, and taxonomy at the private, state, and federal level.

•Horticultural Science. Firmly grounded in the biology of plant growth, with additional applied courses to give students a well-rounded set of skills to become horticulture scientists. For students with strong interests in science and/or technology opportunities in research related fields, including graduate studies. Graduates may pursue a career as a professor at a university or research scientist for public and private organizations. 

The Bachelor of Science Degree in Wildlife, Sustainability, and Ecosystem Sciences

Field of Study Courses
BIOL 1406 [shared] Biology for Science Majors
BIOL 1407 [shared] Biology for Science Majors II
CHEM 1311 [shared] College Chemistry I (Lecture)
CHEM 1111 [shared] College Chemistry I (Laboratory)
MATH 2412 [shared] Precalculus Math
PHIL 2303 [shared] Introduction to Logic
WSES 2405Ecology for Natural Resource Managers4
WSES 2322Principles of Wildlife Conservation and Management3
BIOL 3303Genetics3
ENTO 3312General Entomology3
SOIL 3301Soil Science3
WSES 3350 [WI] Writing for the Natural Resource and Environmental Sciences3
WSES 3385 [WI] Fish and Wildlife Laws and Administration3
Experiential Learning Requirement (choose one):1
Internship in the Natural Resource Sciences
Undergraduate Research in the Natural Resource Sciences
Field Camp
Study Abroad
WSES 4187Senior Capstone Seminar1
Other Required Courses
General Education Requirements43
Total Hours67
Additional Required Courses for Concentrations
Wildlife Ecology and Management
Physical Science Elective (choose one):2
College Chemistry II (Lecture)
and College Chemistry II (Laboratory)
College Physics I
Physical Geology
Historical Geology
Introduction to Environmental Science
Natural Disasters
Soil Physical Properties
GEOG 2451Introduction to Geographic Information Systems4
MATH 3450Principles of Bio-Statistics4
SOIL 3101Soil Science Laboratory1
WSES 3310Wildlife Management Techniques3
WSES 3311Wildlife Diseases3
or WSES 3305 GIS for Natural Resource Scientists
Choose one of the following:3
Analysis of Natural Resource Data
Vegetation Measurement, Inventory, and Monitoring
Choose two of the following (at least one must be BIOL 4430, BIOL 4440, or BIOL 4451):7
Natural History of the Vertebrates
Ornithology
Herpetology
Mammalogy
Behavioral Ecology
Animal Behavior
Ethology
Choose two of the following:8
Wildland Plant Identification and Ecology
Dendrology and Woody Plant Identification
Plant Taxonomy
Natural Resource Policy, Administration, and Law Requirement (choose one):3
Ethical Issues in Agriculture and the Natural Resources
Sustainability
Human Dimensions of Fish and Wildlife Management
Natural Resource Conservation Outreach and Interpretation
Environmental Policy
Soils, Land Use, and The Environment
WSES 4301Population Dynamics, Modeling, and Analysis3
WSES 4302 [WI] Habitat Management3
Advanced Ecology and Management Elective (choose one):3
Pollinator Ecology and Conservation
Big Game Ecology and Management
Avian Ecology and Management
Southern African Ecology and Culture
Electives:2
Choose at least two hours in WSES or SOIL 3XXX or 4XXX, or RNRM 3301
Total Hours49
Natural Resource Ecology
MATH 3450Principles of Bio-Statistics4
GEOG 2451Introduction to Geographic Information Systems4
SOIL 3101Soil Science Laboratory1
SOIL 3302Soils, Land Use, and The Environment3
SOIL 4212Soil Ecology2
WSES 3305GIS for Natural Resource Scientists3
WSES 3313Plant Diversity and Conservation3
WSES 3314Pollinator Ecology and Conservation3
WSES 3406Wildland Plant Identification and Ecology4
WSES 3408Dendrology and Woody Plant Identification4
WSES 4302 [WI] Habitat Management3
WSES 4303Ecological Restoration3
WSES 4309 [WI] Plant-Animal Interactions3
WSES 4311Fire Ecology3
WSES 4313Vegetation Measurement, Inventory, and Monitoring3
Elective:3
Choose at least three hours from WSES 3XXX or 4XXX, SOIL 3XXX or 4XXX, or BIOL 3436.
Total Hours49
Pre-veterinary Medicine
BIOL 3407Microbiology4
BIOL 4374Biochemistry I3
CHEM 1312
CHEM 1112
College Chemistry II (Lecture)
and College Chemistry II (Laboratory)
4
CHEM 2323
CHEM 2123
Organic Chemistry I
and Organic Chemistry I Laboratory
4
CHEM 2325
CHEM 2125
Organic Chemistry II
and Organic Chemistry II Laboratory
4
COMM 1315 [shared] Public Speaking
or COMM 2302 Business and Professional Speaking
MATH 3450Principles of Bio-Statistics4
PHYS 1401College Physics I4
PHYS 1402College Physics II4
WSES 3310Wildlife Management Techniques3
WSES 3311Wildlife Diseases3
WSES 4301Population Dynamics, Modeling, and Analysis3
WSES 4302 [WI] Habitat Management3
ANSC 3308Principles of Animal Nutrition3
Choose one of the following:3
Pollinator Ecology and Conservation
Fisheries Conservation and Management
Natural History of the Vertebrates
Big Game Ecology and Management
Avian Ecology and Management
Southern African Ecology and Culture
Ornithology
Herpetology
Mammalogy
Animal Behavior
Behavioral Ecology
Ethology
Total Hours49
Fisheries Ecology and Management
MATH 3450Principles of Bio-Statistics4
Physical Science Elective (choose at least 1 hour):1
Soil Science Laboratory
College Chemistry II (Lecture)
and College Chemistry II (Laboratory)
Oceanography
Biogeography
Physical Geology
Historical Geology
Introduction to Environmental Science
Natural Disasters
College Physics I
GEOG 2451Introduction to Geographic Information Systems4
WSES 3309Aquaponics3
WSES 3340Fisheries Conservation and Management3
WSES 3308Analysis of Natural Resource Data3
or MATH 2413 Calculus I
ENTO 3316Aquatic Entomology3
Botany requirement (choose one):4
Wildland Plant Identification and Ecology
Dendrology and Woody Plant Identification
Plant Taxonomy
Phycology
Choose two of the following:6
Wildlife Diseases
Natural History of the Vertebrates
Behavioral Ecology
Animal Diversity
Parasitology
Herpetology
Animal Behavior
Ethology
Natural Resource Policy, Administration, and Law Requirement (choose one)3
Sustainability
Ethical Issues in Agriculture and the Natural Resources
Fish and Wildlife Laws and Administration
Human Dimensions of Fish and Wildlife Management
Natural Resource Conservation Outreach and Interpretation
Water Resources Policy and Management
Environmental Policy
International Environmental Issues
Environmental Law
BIOL 3407Microbiology4
BIOL 3340Introduction to Marine Biology3
or BIOL 4441 Freshwater Biology
BIOL 4462Ichthyology4
WSES 4301Population Dynamics, Modeling, and Analysis3
WSES Electives:1
Choose at least one course from WSES 3XXX or 4XXX.
Total Hours49
Zoo Animal and Confined Wildlife Biology and Management
BIOL 3103Genetic Techniques1
BIOL 4325Conservation Biology3
AGRI 1419General Animal Science4
ANSC 2350Anatomy and Physiology of Domestic Animals3
ANSC 3308Principles of Animal Nutrition3
ANSC 3408Physiology of Reproduction4
or ANSC 3410 Principles of Equine Reproduction
ANSC 4308Environmental Physiology of Farm Animals3
WSES 3311Wildlife Diseases3
Choose one of the following:3
Ethical Issues in Agriculture and the Natural Resources
Human Dimensions of Fish and Wildlife Management
Natural Resource Conservation Outreach and Interpretation
Choose one of the following:3
Natural History of the Vertebrates
Big Game Ecology and Management
Avian Ecology and Management
Southern African Ecology and Culture
Choose one of the following:4
Ornithology
Herpetology
Mammalogy
WSES 4302 [WI] Habitat Management3
or WSES 4309 Plant-Animal Interactions
WSES 4310Zoo Biology and Management3
NRSC 4303Animal Behavior3
or ANSC 4401 Ethology
Must complete at least 6 hours from one of the Subject Areas below. At least 3 hours must be advanced.6
Natural Resource Management Subject Area
Elementary Statistical Methods
Principles of Range Management
Analysis of Natural Resource Data
Pollinator Ecology and Conservation
Wildland Plant Identification and Ecology
Plant Diversity and Conservation
Dendrology and Woody Plant Identification
Population Dynamics, Modeling, and Analysis
Ecological Restoration
Management and Marketing Subject Area
Principles of Web Design
Web Development
Principles of Management
Human Resource Management
Small Business Management
Organization Behavior
Marketing
Retailing
Promotional Strategy
Outreach, Interpretation, and Public Relations Subject Area
Event Coordination
Environmental Communication
Public Relations
Advertising
Travel & Tourism
Event Planning and Management
Applied Public Relations and Event Planning
Total Hours49
Horticultural Science
CHEM 1312
CHEM 1112
College Chemistry II (Lecture)
and College Chemistry II (Laboratory)
4
CHEM 2323
CHEM 2123
Organic Chemistry I
and Organic Chemistry I Laboratory
4
BIOL 3407Microbiology4
BIOL 3415Plant Taxonomy4
BIOL 3420Plant Pathology4
BIOL 3436Plant Physiology4
MATH 3450Principles of Bio-Statistics4
HORT 1301Horticulture3
HORT 3300Plant Propagation3
HORT 3390Horticultural Plants3
HORT 4301Greenhouse and Nursery Management3
WSES 4309 [WI] Plant-Animal Interactions3
AGRI 4350Retail Merchandising of Agricultural Products3
Choose at least 3 hours from the following:3
Landscape Design
Aquaponics
Floriculture Operations and Management
Principles of Horticultural Crop Production
Turfgrass Management and Irrigation
Composting
Soil Ecology
Soil Physical Properties
Soil Nutrient Cycling
Plant Diversity and Conservation
Ecological Pest Management
Ecological Restoration
Organic Agriculture
Total Hours49
Entomology
CHEM 1312
CHEM 1112
College Chemistry II (Lecture)
and College Chemistry II (Laboratory)
4
MATH 3450Principles of Bio-Statistics4
BIOL 3103Genetic Techniques1
BIOL 3449Animal Diversity4
Choose one of the following:3
Analysis of Natural Resource Data
Vegetation Measurement, Inventory, and Monitoring
ENTO 3316Aquatic Entomology3
ENTO 4402Insect Taxonomy and Systematics4
Choose one of the following:4
Wildland Plant Identification and Ecology
Dendrology and Woody Plant Identification
Plant Taxonomy
WSES 4309 [WI] Plant-Animal Interactions3
WSES 3380Ecological Pest Management3
ENTO 3112General Entomology Lab1
WSES 4301Population Dynamics, Modeling, and Analysis3
WSES 4302 [WI] Habitat Management3
BIOL 4320Behavioral Ecology3
or NRSC 4303 Animal Behavior
WSES 3314Pollinator Ecology and Conservation3
Electives:3
Choose at least three hours in WSES, SOIL, or BIOL 3XXX or 4XXX.
Total Hours49
Soil Science
HORT 1301Horticulture3
or AGRI 1307 Agronomy
CHEM 1312
CHEM 1112
College Chemistry II (Lecture)
and College Chemistry II (Laboratory)
4
WSES/GEOG/ENVS 2451Introduction to Geographic Information Systems4
GEOL 1403Physical Geology4
GEOL/CHEM 3314Geochemistry3
MATH 3450Principles of Bio-Statistics4
SOIL 2112Soil Morphology1
SOIL 3101Soil Science Laboratory1
SOIL 3302Soils, Land Use, and The Environment3
SOIL 3412Soil Genesis, Morphology, and Classification4
SOIL 4212Soil Ecology2
SOIL 4213Soil Physical Properties2
SOIL 4450Soil Nutrient Cycling4
Writing-Intensive Requirement3
Plant-Animal Interactions
Environmental Techniques
Field Geology
Upper-level Electives:7
Choose at least 7 upper-level hours (3XXX or 4XXX) from SOIL, WSES, or HORT.
Total Hours49
Natural Resource Policy
LEGL 2330Introduction to Legal Studies3
COMM 3305Environmental Communication 3
POLS 3307Public Administration3
POLS 3310 [WI] Environmental Policy3
POLS 4310 [WI] International Environmental Issues3
POLS 4311 [WI] Environmental Law3
WSES 3310Wildlife Management Techniques3
WSES 3386Human Dimensions of Fish and Wildlife Management3
WSES 4301Population Dynamics, Modeling, and Analysis3
WSES 4302 [WI] Habitat Management3
Ecology and Conservation Elective (choose one):3
Pollinator Ecology and Conservation
Fisheries Conservation and Management
Big Game Ecology and Management
Avian Ecology and Management
Southern African Ecology and Culture
Ethics Elective (choose one):3
Legal Ethics
Ethics in the Professions
Environmental Ethics
Upper-level Electives13
Choose at least 13 upper-level hours (3XXX or 4XXX) from WSES, SOIL, POLS, or LEGL.
Total Hours49

 The Bachelor of Science Degree in Horticultural and Plant Sciences

The Bachelor of Science Degree in Horticultural and Plant Sciences

Required Courses
General Education Requirements42
BIOL 1406 [shared] Biology for Science Majors
BIOL 1407 [shared] Biology for Science Majors II
BIOL 3407Microbiology4
BIOL 3420Plant Pathology4
BIOL 3436Plant Physiology4
CHEM 1311
CHEM 1111
College Chemistry I (Lecture)
and College Chemistry I (Laboratory)
4
CHEM 1312
CHEM 1111
College Chemistry II (Lecture)
and College Chemistry I (Laboratory)
4
CHEM 2323
CHEM 2123
Organic Chemistry I
and Organic Chemistry I Laboratory
4
ENGL 3309 [WI] Technical Writing and Document Design3
ENTO 3312General Entomology3
HORT 1301Horticulture3
HORT 2320Fundamentals of Market Gardening3
MATH 2412 [shared] Precalculus Math
Extra Hour from MATH 24121
SOIL 3301
SOIL 3101
Soil Science
and Soil Science Laboratory
4
WSES 2405Ecology for Natural Resource Managers4
WSES 4187Senior Capstone Seminar1
Experiential Learning Requirement (choose one):1
Internship in the Natural Resource Sciences
Undergraduate Research in the Natural Resource Sciences
Field Camp
Study Abroad
Total Hours89
Additional Required Courses for Concentrations
Sustainable Agriculture and Agroecology
AGEC 2317 [shared] Introductory Agricultural Economics
AGRI 1307
AGRI 1107
Agronomy
and Agronomy Laboratory
4
MATH 3450Principles of Bio-Statistics4
SOIL 4212Soil Ecology2
or SOIL 4213 Soil Physical Properties
SOIL 4450Soil Nutrient Cycling4
Environmental Policy Requirement (choose one):3
Environmental Policy
International Environmental Issues
Environmental Law
GEOG 2451Introduction to Geographic Information Systems4
WSES 3380Ecological Pest Management3
WSES 4325Crop Production and Management3
Upper-level Elective:4
Choose at least four hours from WSES, SOIL, or HORT 3XXX or 4XXX
Total Hours31
Horticultural Science
BIOL 3303
BIOL 3103
Genetics
and Genetic Techniques
4
or AGRI 3409 Genetics
HORT 3300Plant Propagation3
HORT 3390Horticultural Plants3
HORT 4301Greenhouse and Nursery Management3
MATH 3450Principles of Bio-Statistics4
PHIL 2303 [shared] Introduction to Logic
SOIL 4450Soil Nutrient Cycling4
WSES 3314Pollinator Ecology and Conservation3
WSES 4309 [WI] Plant-Animal Interactions3
Elective (choose four hours from the following):4
Landscape Design
Aquaponics
Mushroom Cultivation and Utilization
Floriculture Operations and Management
Principles of Horticultural Crop Production
Turfgrass Management and Irrigation
Composting
Soil Ecology
Soil Physical Properties
Plant Diversity and Conservation
Ecological Pest Management
Ecological Restoration
Organic Agriculture
Total Hours31
Horticultural Management
AGEC 2317 [shared] Introductory Agricultural Economics
AGRI 4350Retail Merchandising of Agricultural Products3
HORT 3300Plant Propagation3
HORT 3390Horticultural Plants3
HORT 4301Greenhouse and Nursery Management3
WSES 3314Pollinator Ecology and Conservation3
WSES 4309 [WI] Plant-Animal Interactions3
HORT 3370Floriculture Operations and Management3
HORT 3301Landscape Design3
Electives (choose at least seven hours of the following):7
Mushroom Cultivation and Utilization
Landscaping with Native Plants
Turfgrass Management and Irrigation
Soil Ecology
Soil Physical Properties
Soil Nutrient Cycling
Aquaponics
Plant Diversity and Conservation
Ecological Pest Management
Ecological Restoration
Organic Agriculture
Total Hours31
Horticultural Business
ACCT 2301Principles of Accounting I-Financial3
AGRI 2317 [shared] Introductory Agricultural Economics
AGRI 4350Retail Merchandising of Agricultural Products3
AGSD 3302 [WI] Agricultural Sales and Services3
BUSI 2311Business Statistics3
HORT 3300Plant Propagation3
HORT 3390Horticultural Plants3
HORT 4301Greenhouse and Nursery Management3
Choose four hours from the following:4
Composting
Soil Ecology
Soil Physical Properties
Soil Nutrient Cycling
Pollinator Ecology and Conservation
Ecological Pest Management
Plant-Animal Interactions
Organic Agriculture
Any upper-level HORT course
Business electives:6
Choose any six hours of ACCT, AGEC, BCIS, BLAW, BUSI, ECON, FINC, MGMT, or MKTG (at least three hours must be 3XXX or 4XXX).
Total Hours31

 Minors

Minor in Fisheries Management

Required Courses
WSES 2405Ecology for Natural Resource Managers4
or BIOL 4401 Ecology
WSES 2322Principles of Wildlife Conservation and Management3
WSES 3340Fisheries Conservation and Management3
BIOL 4462Ichthyology4
Choose one of the following:3-4
Freshwater Biology
Aquatic Entomology
Choose one of the following:3
Introduction to Marine Biology
Aquaponics
Fish and Wildlife Laws and Administration
Total Hours20-21

Minor in Ecological Restoration

Required Courses
WSES 3406Wildland Plant Identification and Ecology4
or WSES 3408 Dendrology and Woody Plant Identification
WSES 3313Plant Diversity and Conservation3
WSES 4303Ecological Restoration3
WSES 4313Vegetation Measurement, Inventory, and Monitoring3
SOIL 3301
SOIL 3101
Soil Science
and Soil Science Laboratory
4
Choose one of the following:2-3
Soil Ecology
Fire Ecology
Total Hours19-20

Minor in Soil Science

Required Courses
SOIL 3301
SOIL 3101
Soil Science
and Soil Science Laboratory
4
SOIL 3302Soils, Land Use, and The Environment3
SOIL 3412Soil Genesis, Morphology, and Classification4
SOIL 4450Soil Nutrient Cycling4
SOIL 4212Soil Ecology2
SOIL 4213Soil Physical Properties2
Total Hours19

Minor in Agroecology

Required Courses
WSES 2405Ecology for Natural Resource Managers4
SOIL 3301
SOIL 3101
Soil Science
and Soil Science Laboratory
4
HORT 1301Horticulture3
or AGRI 1307
AGRI 1107
Agronomy
and Agronomy Laboratory
WSES 2301General Entomology3
or WSES 3415
HORT 3300Plant Propagation3
or SOIL 4450 Soil Nutrient Cycling
Choose one of the following:3
Crop Production and Management
Organic Agriculture
Composting
Sustainability
Aquaponics
Total Hours20

Minor in Crop Science

Required Courses
AGRI 1307
AGRI 1107
Agronomy
and Agronomy Laboratory
4
SOIL 3301
SOIL 3101
Soil Science
and Soil Science Laboratory
4
ENTO 3312General Entomology3
BIOL 3436Plant Physiology4
WSES 4325Crop Production and Management3
Choose one of the following:3-4
Sustainable Food Systems
Pollinator Ecology and Conservation
Ecological Pest Management
Organic Agriculture
Weed Management
Soil Nutrient Cycling
Soil Ecology
and Soil Physical Properties
Plant Pathology
Genetics
and Genetic Techniques
Genetics
Total Hours21-22

Minor in Natural Resource Ecology

Required Courses
Choose one of the following:3-4
Ecology for Natural Resource Managers
Ecology
Range Ecology
WSES 4309 [WI] Plant-Animal Interactions3
WSES 4311Fire Ecology3
SOIL 4212Soil Ecology2
BIOL 3353Ecology and Evolution3
Choose two of the following:6
Pollinator Ecology and Conservation
Big Game Ecology and Management
Avian Ecology and Management
Behavioral Ecology
Total Hours20-21

Academic Advising Guides

Academic Advising Guides area available at the following website:

https://web.tarleton.edu/majorinfo/

Agriculture Courses

AGRI 1100. Transitioning to University Studies in Environmental and Agricultural Management. 1 Credit Hour (Lecture: 1 Hour, Lab: 1 Hour).

Practical study designed to prepare the student for university life, aid in the development of skills for academic success, promote personal growth and responsibility, and encourage active involvement in the learning process from an individual college perspective.

AGRI 1107. Agronomy Laboratory. 1 Credit Hour (Lecture: 0 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

This laboratory-based course accompanies AGRI 1307. Laboratory activities will reinforce the fundamental principles in the development, production, and management of field crops including growth and development, climate, plant requirements, pest management, and production methods. Prerequisite: AGRI 1307 or concurrent enrollment.

AGRI 1307. Agronomy. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Principles and practices in the development, production, and management of field crops including growth and development, climate, plant requirements, pest management, and production methods.

AGRI 1309. Microcomputer Applications in Agriculture. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

Microcomputer technology applied to management, record keeping, and agribusiness. Emphasis on the application of database, spreadsheet, and other business software in various agricultural environments. Lab fee $2.

AGRI 1311. Dairy Science. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

A survey of the dairy industry, dairy breeds, standards for selection and culling, herd replacements, feeding, management, and health maintenance. The food value, composition and quality, utilization, and processing of market milk and dairy products will be discussed.

AGRI 1419. General Animal Science. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

The scientific study of animal agriculture involving beef cattle, dairy cattle, swine, sheep, goats, and horses. Topics covered will include general management practices, reproduction, nutrition, health, handling, genetic selection, shelter/housing and marketing strategies and procedures. Lab fee: $2.

AGRI 2301. Agricultural Power Units. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

Fundamentals of internal combustion engine operation to include gasoline, diesel, and liquefied petroleum. Preventative maintenance and general servicing of tractor engine systems: intake & exhaust; fuel; lubrication; cooling; electrical; power trains; and hydraulic. Also covered are tractor tune-up; small engine operation maintenance & reconditioning; and plumbing & irrigation power systems. Lab fee: $2.

AGRI 2303. Agricultural Construction I. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

A course designed to acquaint students with principles and application of carpentry, tool maintenance, tool and hardware nomenclature, preparation of drawings and bills of materials, blueprint reading, and the preparation and use of concrete. Also included are maintenance needs for the home and agricultural buildings. Lab fee: $2.

AGRI 2304. Introductory Metals and Welding. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 4 Hours).

Cold metal work, soldering, pipe fitting, tool conditioning, hardware nomenclature, arc and oxyacetylene welding. Lab fee: $2.

AGRI 2317. Introductory Agricultural Economics. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

An introduction to economics principles and concepts in agriculture today as they relate to the American economic system. Emphasis will be on management problem-solving techniques under various situations, especially those agricultural in nature,including producing, processing, distributing, and consuming farm and ranch products.

AGRI 2330. Wildlife Conservation and Management. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Principles and practices used in the conservation and management of wildlife resources. Aesthetic, ecological, and recreational uses of public and private lands. Intended for non-wildlife and non-science majors; will not count toward Wildlife Science option in the BS in Wildlife, Sustainability, and Ecosystem Sciences and is not a prerequisite for advanced WSES courses.

AGRI 3409. Genetics. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

Fundamental principles of genetics: variation, heredity, and interaction of genes, linkage, sex linkage, and mutation. Special emphasis given to breeding of farm crops and domestic animals. Laboratory includes demonstration of Mendelian ratios with field crops and Drosophila and an introduction to statistical methods as applied to agricultural research. Prerequisite: BIOL 1406 or 1407 and junior classification. Lab fee $7.

AGRI 4350. Retail Merchandising of Agricultural Products. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 1 Hour, Lab: 6 Hours).

Management of a retail store with emphasis on agricultural products, including meat, produce, live plants, and processed foods. Display, care, merchandising, inventory control, customer relations, and point of sale. Laboratory involves working shifts in the College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences retail center and associated facilities.

Entomology Courses

ENTO 3112. General Entomology Lab. 1 Credit Hour (Lecture: 0 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

Anatomy, morphology, and identification of select insect taxa conducted in both laboratory and field setting. Use of dichotomous keys to identify insects. Specimen collection required. Prerequisite: Concurrent enrollment in ENTO 3312.

ENTO 3312. General Entomology. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Principal orders of insects; the relation of anatomy and physiology of insects to control methods; insecticides and their uses; development, habits, and economic importance of more common insects with control methods for the injurious species. Prerequisite: C or better in BIOL 1406 or BIOL 1407.

ENTO 3314. Pollinator Ecology and Conservation. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

Plant-insect interactions concerning floral resources and the conservation of pollinator insects. Floral morphology, coevolution of plant and pollinator, insect ecology and behavior, management of honeybees for commercial purposes, managing pollinators in urban and suburban settings, and conservation of pollinator habitat. Identifications of major pollinator insect groups, and techniques to monitor native pollinators and floral resources. Prerequisites: WSES 2405 or BIOL 4401; and WSES 3312.

ENTO 3316. Aquatic Entomology. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

Identification of aquatic insects and interactions with their environment. General concepts in limnology and entomology; systematics, ecology, management of aquatic systems for insects, and conservation of freshwater invertebrates. Techniques for the sampling and monitoring of aquatic communities. Collection of immature aquatic insects is required. Prerequisite: ENTO 3312.

ENTO 3380. Ecological Pest Management. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

An introduction to the principles of managing pest populations to reduce economic and ecological loss in agriculture, horticulture, domestic, and natural settings in an environmentally compatible manner. Information gleaned from this course should prepare students to apply for state certification as a licensed pesticide applicator. Prerequisite: WSES 2405 and either WSES/ENTO 3312 or WSES 2301.

ENTO 4402. Insect Taxonomy and Systematics. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

Classification of insects and identification of insect orders and families in Texas and the southwestern United States. Systematics, phylogeny, morphology, and natural history of insect families and select taxa of environmental, economic, or medical importance. Identification of insects by sight and through use of dichotomous key. Prerequisite: ENTO 3312.

Horticulture Courses

HORT 1301. Horticulture. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Introduction to the horticulture industry and the career opportunities that are available. The course includes an introduction to plant classification and structure, greenhouse construction and management, orchard and vegetable crops, and plant propagation.

HORT 2320. Fundamentals of Market Gardening. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

Introduction to gardening with a focus on using sustainable methods. A broad range of topics will be presented that include crop selection by season and geography, soil health, nutrient management, weed management, insect and disease identification, and pest management (insect, weed, and pathogen). Different crop management disciplines will be taught that include both conventional and organic production systems. Basic landscape design and garden establishment will be conveyed. This course will also include the principles and practices of garden-based learning and the application of horticulture in agriculture education programs. Biodiversity and the effects of organic and non-organic practices on the garden ecosystem will be emphasized. Conservation agriculture and other sustainable cultural practices (e.g. no-till, strip till and intercropping) will be examined. Students practice growing a garden using the techniques discussed in lecture. Home landscaping, container gardens, diversified garden systems, transplant production, herbs, and entry level greenhouse management are woven into class and laboratory lessons.

HORT 2470. Introduction to Turfgrass Science. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

An introduction to turfgrass history, benefits, and use. Growth and development of various turfgrass species and their culture.

HORT 3300. Plant Propagation. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

Principles of propagating plants, including vegetables, ornamentals, and fruits. Methods of handling seed; starting plants by the use of cuttings, layers, buds, grafts, and bulbs; ways of propagating specific plants; factors influencing growth of plants after transplanting. Prerequisites: BIOL 1406 and HORT 1301. Lab fee $2.

HORT 3301. Landscape Design. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

Planting design and use of plants in the landscape. Use of drafting instruments, preparation of plans, perspective drawings, and cost estimates. Prerequisite: Prior completion of or concurrent enrollment in HORT 3390.

HORT 3309. Aquaponics. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

Students will examine the pros and cons of various aquaponics methods like raft, nutrient film, vertical towers, and media filled beds and their applications for growing fish and plants sustainably for a family/community or for profit. Students will construct a backyard aquaponics system, establish/harvest plants, and prepare a meal in laboratory. Topics covered are plant and fish choices and recommendations; planting/growing techniques; fish biology, stocking rates, and feeds; plant/fish care and health; water quality; system design, filtration and plumbing components; daily operation; greenhouse management/seasonal adjustments; system start up; food preparation; economics and business considerations.

HORT 3310. Regenerative Agriculture Systems. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

This course will serve as a bridge between foundational horticulture concepts, agroecological processes, and regenerative agriculture systems that can be applied to horticultural crop, agronomic crop, and integrated crop-livestock grazing systems. Course curriculum will emphasize regenerative agriculture principles and practices that includes soil conservation, agroecology, sustainable farming methods, biodiversity, and organic agriculture. This course will examine how a healthy soil microbiome are a critical component of healthy soils and how healthy soils influence and contribute to biotic facilitation, nutrient cycling, symbiotic relationships, ecosystem provisioning, regulating, and supporting services. Students will learn the importance of soil structure and composition to rain water and irrigation infiltration. Cover crop dynamics will be explored and the important role cool and warm season cover crops play in regenerative agriculture. The importance of conservation agriculture through no-till and reduced tillage practices will be emphasized. The varied ecosystem services resulting from these and other natural resource conservation measures as they apply to horticultural cropping systems from a regenerative agriculture perspective are fundamental concepts that this course will convey. Topics of study will include the importance of crop selection, soil health, nutrient management, weed management, integrated pest management, phytoremediation, integrated crop-livestock grazing, and perennial/annual horticultural cropping systems.

HORT 3320. Landscaping and Gardening Practices. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Principles of landscape, interior, and floral design. Plant identification, environmental requirements, and culture. Prerequisite: HORT 1301 or equivalent. Lab fee: $2.

HORT 3333. Mushroom Cultivation and Utilization. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

Culture techniques, environmental requirements, species selection, and production systems. Current state of mushroom production, innovations, and new opportunities in the field. Intended for majors and non-majors.

HORT 3370. Floriculture Operations and Management. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

Principles and basic techniques in floral design and merchandising, introduction to the floral branch of the horticulture industry and floral production. The course will feature history of floral design, principles of design, design specific lab activities, work with the Floriculture contests in the spring, and hands-on design experience.

HORT 3390. Horticultural Plants. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

Identification, classification, and characteristics of horticultural plants. Includes the study of trees, shrubs, aroids, cacti, bromeliads, ferns, begonias, and orchids. Prerequisite: HORT 1301 or equivalent or approval of department head. Lab fee $2.

HORT 3415. Weed Management. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

General principles in the development of weed management programs. Common weed ecology and life cycles, land management factors, herbicide selection and performance, and cultural control strategies are presented. Laboratory includes weed identification and herbicide application methods. Prerequisites: AGRI 1307 and AGRI 1107; or WSES 1305; or HORT 1301.

HORT 4086. Horticultural Problems. 1-6 Credit Hours (Lecture: 0 Hours, Lab: 1-6 Hours).

Individualized study of current topics in student's major concentration of study or supporting discipline. Specific content and credit dependent upon student's interest, needs, and depth of study.

HORT 4088. Undergraduate Research in Horticulture. 1-6 Credit Hours (Lecture: 0 Hours, Lab: 1-6 Hours).

Fundamental research methods will be addressed through a faculty-directed project. Participation in an abbreviated lecture series may be required. Project components may include a literature review, data collection and analysis, testing, planning, project design, and/or computer modeling. Student may be required to prepare a final report and produce a presentation. Course will be graded as satisfactory or unsatisfactory. Prerequisite: Approval of the instructor.

HORT 4090. Special Topics. 6 Credit Hours (Lecture: 6 Hours, Lab: 6 Hours).

Selected topics in horticulture. May be repeated for credit when topics vary.

HORT 4301. Greenhouse and Nursery Management. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

A study of the variables affecting greenhouse and nursery crop production. Both economic and physical variables will be explored. Particular emphasis will be placed on management techniques used by commercial establishments in producing and marketing ornamental nursery and greenhouse plants. Prerequisites: HORT 1301 and 3300. Lab fee $2.

HORT 4320. Landscaping with Native Plants. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Identification, characterization, and utilization of herbaceous and woody plants indigenous to Texas and other areas useful for landscaping purposes. Principles and procedures of xeriscaping will be emphasized. Field trips will be required. Prerequisite: HORT 1301.

HORT 4323. Principles of Horticultural Crop Production. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

Students will dig into the intricate world of horticultural cropping systems learning principles, practices, and sustainable management techniques necessary to be successful at commercial fruit and vegetable production. Vegetable production techniques including plant health, nutrient management, integrated pest management, weed management, disease identification, environmental stress resilience, agricultural adaptation, irrigation, conservation agriculture, and ecosystem services are some of the primary topics of study. Additional topics of this course include crop selection, crop rotation, and sustainable farm design to maximize production. Seasonal variations (spring, summer, fall, and winter) that influence crop selection and crop rotation will be presented for the diverse regions of Texas. Each class member will gain practical horticultural crop production through active participation in vegetable production in our horticultural gardens that integrates different fruit and vegetable crops using applied management practices learned in class. Prerequisite: HORT 1301.

HORT 4324. Organic Agriculture. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Organic Agriculture will examine a brief history of organic farming, the organic food movement, and modern organic industry development. Students will learn USDA-NOP rules and regulations and the USDA organic certification process needed to certify farms/ranches organic. The course will emphasize the science of horticultural organic crop production (fruits and vegetables) for different agroecosystems and the required organic management principles and practices that meet organic production standards. The course will study different organic agricultural production systems that integrate agroecology, regenerative agriculture, and integrated pest management concepts into organic crop and animal production systems. Organic crop nutrient management, forage and grazing management, plant propagation and greenhouse management, soil health, and pest management (weed, arthropod, and pathogen) are fundamental components of this course.

HORT 4330. Horticultural Enterprises. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

Horticultural business and educational enterprises will be visited or explored. Students are required to complete a business portfolio which will include photographs and written documents. Prerequisite: Jr or Sr classification. Lab fee: $2.

HORT 4342. Study Abroad. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Conducted at various domestic and international locations for extended periods (frequently outside the United States). Hands-on activities and experiences in agriculture and natural resources. Topics will vary. Enrollment requires a significant study abroad program fee.

HORT 4470. Turfgrass Management and Irrigation. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

Characteristics and management of turfgrasses used for home lawns, recreational areas and sports fields. Turfgrass irrigation system design. Prerequisites: HORT 2470; or AGRI 1307 and AGRI 1107.

Soil Science Courses

SOIL 2112. Soil Morphology. 1 Credit Hour (Lecture: 1 Hour, Lab: 0 Hours).

Soil morphology, characterizations of soil, and judging of soils for various uses by field-based assessment. May receive credit for WSES 2112 or SOIL 2112.

SOIL 2375. Soil as the Basis for Society. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

The underpinnings of the scientific principles of soils, how people have harmed them, and why everyone should be concerned with how we treat them. This course may not be used to fulfill the degree requirements for wildlife or ecosystem sciences.

SOIL 3101. Soil Science Laboratory. 1 Credit Hour (Lecture: 0 Hours, Lab: 4 Hours).

Basic laboratory techniques used to analyze soil chemical, physical, and biological properties. Hands on examples will demonstrate core soil science principles. Prerequisites: ENVS 3301 or SOIL 3301 (or concurrent enrollment); and CHEM 1311 and 1111, CHEM 1407, or CHEM 1409.

SOIL 3301. Soil Science. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Basic principles of soil science, including physical, biological, and chemical properties. Discussion will include soils applications in wildland, cropland, and developed environments. This course does not include a laboratory section. Credit will not be awarded for both this course and WSES 3401. Prerequisites: CHEM 1311 and 1111, CHEM 1407, or CHEM 1409.

SOIL 3302. Soils, Land Use, and The Environment. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Interactions among soil physical, chemical, and biological processes affecting soil, water, and environmental quality. Addressed in relation to land use management practices such as erosion control, soil conservation, soil reclamation, riparian buffers, bioswales, and artificial wetlands. Land use planning tools, including WebSoil Survey and GIS will be used. Prerequisites: WSES/ENVS 3401; or WSES/SOIL 3301 and WSES/SOIL 3101.

SOIL 3319. Composting. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

The art and science of composting of agricultural, municipal, foodservice and household wastes to include composting techniques, waste products and feedstocks, aerobic vs. anaerobic processes, evaluation of composted products and their beneficial uses. Biological processes used to decompose organic materials will be studied. Prerequisites: Junior standing or permission of the instructor.

SOIL 3412. Soil Genesis, Morphology, and Classification. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

Soil development, classification, and mapping. Laboratory work will consist of field-based study of the morphological features of the soil profile and mapping of designated areas using standardized methods. Student may receive credit for either WSES 3412 or SOIL 3412. Prerequisites: SOIL 3301 and SOIL 3101.

SOIL 4212. Soil Ecology. 2 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Characterizations of organisms in the soil food web, analyses of interrelationships among soil organisms, and assessments of interactions between soil organisms and their environmental conditions. Credit will only be given for WSES 4212 or SOIL 4212. Prerequisites: WSES 2405, SOIL 3301, and SOIL 3101.

SOIL 4213. Soil Physical Properties. 2 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Soil physical characteristics and their relationship to soil management. Methods of measuring soil and soil conservation. Soil phases, soil water properties, particle size, clay and clay mineralogy, and environmental impacts. Credit will only be given for WSES 4213 or SOIL 4213. Prerequisites: SOIL 3301 and SOIL 3101.

SOIL 4450. Soil Nutrient Cycling. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

Plant nutrition, soil nutrient cycling, and nutrient management. Biological, physical, and chemical soil properties and implications for nutrient availability to crops and nutrient fate in the environment. Plant nutrition and soil fertility problems and corrective action, soil and nutrient management. Credit will only be given for WSES 4450 or SOIL 4450. Prerequisites: SOIL 3301 and SOIL 3101.

Wildlife, Sustainability, and Ecosystem Sciences Courses

WSES 1100. Transitioning to University Studies in the Natural Resource Sciences. 1 Credit Hour (Lecture: 1 Hour, Lab: 1 Hour).

Practical study designed to prepare the student for university life, aid in development of skills for academic success, promote personal growth and responsibility, encourage active involvement in the learning process from an individual college perspective, and introduce students to the field of wildlife, sustainability, and ecosystem sciences. Prerequisites: Major in WSES or approval of the instructor.

WSES 1119. Natural Resource Competition I. 1 Credit Hour (Lecture: 1 Hour, Lab: 0 Hours).

This course provides an introduction to various natural resource-based competitive events. Competition rules, conduct, and etiquette are discussed. The students are introduced to basic facts regarding their chosen field of study. Prerequisites: Approval of the instructor.

WSES 1301. Society, Natural Resources, and the Environment. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

This course provides a broad overview of the role of the environment and natural resources in human society, with particular emphasis on Texas and the United States. A history of the environmental movement is presented. Students study the importance of natural resources in providing basic human necessities, and how these resources are managed. Various careers in environmental science, natural resource management, and wildlife conservation are also discussed.

WSES 1307. Concepts and Controversies in Food Studies. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Principles of food studies and exploration of the role food narratives and exposés play in the consumer’s perception of the current food supply. Foundation for understanding the connections among food production, ecology, ethics, cuisine, nutrition and health within the framework of sustainability. Can receive credit for either FDSC 1307 or WSES 1307.

WSES 2119. Natural Resource Competition II. 1 Credit Hour (Lecture: 1 Hour, Lab: 0 Hours).

Intended for students with basic understanding of the conduct of their chosen natural resource event, this course provides more advanced study of the topic. Students expand upon the introductory material discussed in Natural Resource Competition I to include a wider array of natural resource science related facts and concepts. Prerequisites: WSES 1119 or approval of the instructor.

WSES 2301. General Entomology. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

Principal orders of insects; the relation of anatomy and physiology of insects to control methods; insecticides and their uses; development, habits, and economic importance of more common insects with control methods for the injurious species. Prerequisite: C or better in BIOL 1406 or BIOL 1407.

WSES 2322. Principles of Wildlife Conservation and Management. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

An in-depth treatment of the fundamental principles of wildlife conservation and management, stressing the application of ecological principles to achieve wildlife management objectives. Topics include conservation, management, and restoration of wildlife habitats; wildlife population assessment and management; human dimensions and human-wildlife interactions; management of wildlife in agricultural, range, and forested ecosystems; and wildlife policy at the local, state, national, and international level. Provides knowledge and understanding required for advancing in the wildlife and natural resource conservation disciplines. Satisfies requirements for Wildlife Science majors. Prerequisite for advanced wildlife science courses. Prerequisites: Grade of C or better in BIOL 1406 and BIOL 1407; grade of C or better in MATH 1316 or MATH 2412; and grade of C or better in WSES 2405, RNRM 3315, or BIOL 4401.

WSES 2375. Soil as the Basis for Society. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

The underpinnings of the scientific principles of soils, how people have harmed them, and why everyone should be concerned with how we treat them. This course may not be used to fulfill the degree requirements for wildlife or ecosystem sciences.

WSES 2405. Ecology for Natural Resource Managers. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

A study of the interactions of plants, animals, and the environment and how these interactions respond to human influence. Emphasis will be placed on terrestrial ecosystems (rangelands, grasslands, deserts, wetlands, and forests), and specific interactions among species which can be manipulated to achieve management outcomes. The laboratory will have a significant outdoor field component. Credit will not be awarded for both WSES 2405 and WSES 3103. Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in BIOL 1406 OR BIOL 1407.

WSES 2451. Introduction to Geographic Information Systems. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

Basic concepts of design, planning and implementation of geographic information systems. Students will learn how to create, manipulate, project, and interpret geographic information. Students are encouraged to take GEOG 1451: Pre-GIS before this course. Can receive credit for either WSES 2451, GEOG 2451, EASC 2451 or ENVS 2451. Lab fee: $2.

WSES 3103. Ecological Field Methods Laboratory. 1 Credit Hour (Lecture: 0 Hours, Lab: 4 Hours).

Field methodologies used in the investigation of ecological systems including terrestrial plant, terrestrial animal, and aquatic systems. For students who have completed an introductory ecology or environmental biology course with no laboratory component. Credit will not be offered for both WSES 3103 and WSES 2405. Prerequisites: Grade of C or better in an approved 1000- or 2000-level ecology or environmental biology course; and a grade of C or better in BIOL 1406; and a grade of C or better in either BIOL 1407 or GEOL 1407; or approval of the department head.

WSES 3119. Natural Resource Competition III. 1 Credit Hour (Lecture: 1 Hour, Lab: 0 Hours).

This course is a more advanced treatment of the student’s chosen natural resource event. It is intended for students with experience in the competition, having participated in at least one competitive event. Prerequisite: WSES 2119 and approval of the instructor.

WSES 3303. Veterinary Entomology. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

Classification, biology, and control of arthropods associated with livestock and wildlife. Identification will be emphasized in the laboratory. Prerequisites: BIOL 1406 and BIOL 1407, or approval of the instructor.

WSES 3304. Food Processing. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

The world food supply, trends and traditions in diet and food sanitation, safety, security, and biotechnology, and impact of processing on diet quality. Lab fee: $2.

WSES 3305. GIS for Natural Resource Scientists. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

An intermediate course on the use of geographic information systems (GIS) in natural resource management. Builds on concepts learned in introductory GIS course. Laboratory exercises will apply knowledge learned in lectures to solve real world problems in natural resource management using GIS software. Prerequisite: WSES 2451 or GEOG 2451 Lab fee $2.

WSES 3307. Systems Thinking. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

This course focuses on the examination and analysis of complex systems, particularly in the environmental, natural resources, and sustainability fields. Major topics will include system structure, system behavior, feedback loops, stock and flow models, non-linear and emergent properties, self-organization, and the application of systems thinking to problem-solving. A significant component of the course will be development and analysis of computer models of complex systems. Prerequisite: C or better in MATH 1314 or equivalent, or approval of the instructor. Lab fee: 2.

WSES 3308. Analysis of Natural Resource Data. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

Application of statistical principles to the analysis of natural resource science data. Methods of designing studies, managing and analyzing data, and interpreting results. Descriptive statistics, estimation, inference, tests of significance, measurements of relationship and correlation, and non-parametric analyses. Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in MATH 1342 or MATH 3450.

WSES 3309. Aquaponics. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

Students will examine the pros and cons of various aquaponics methods like raft, nutrient film, vertical towers, and media filled beds and their applications for growing fish and plants sustainably for a family/community or for profit. Students will construct a backyard aquaponics system, establish/harvest plants, and prepare a meal in laboratory. Topics covered are plant and fish choices and recommendations; planting/growing techniques; fish biology, stocking rates, and feeds; plant/fish care and health; water quality; system design, filtration and plumbing components; daily operation; greenhouse management/seasonal adjustments; system start up; food preparation; economics and business considerations.

WSES 3310. Wildlife Management Techniques. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

Field and laboratory techniques used in wildlife management and research. Determining age and food habits, population analysis, habitat analysis, and introduction to research. Modest cost of field trips will be borne by student. Prerequisites: Grades of C or better in WSES 2322, and either MATH 1316 or MATH 2412.

WSES 3311. Wildlife Diseases. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Basic mechanisms of disease as they occur in wildlife populations; interplay of environmental conditions, individual physiological requirements, and disease agents of various wildlife species. Epidemiology and management of infectious and non-infectious diseases. Prerequisites: Grade of C or better in WSES 2322 or approval of instructor.

WSES 3313. Plant Diversity and Conservation. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Patterns and distribution of plant diversity and threats to plant diversity. Plant communities found in a variety of range, forests, and other systems. Strategies and approaches used in plant conservation will be discussed. Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in WSES 2405, RNRM 3315, or BIOL 4401.

WSES 3314. Pollinator Ecology and Conservation. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

Plant-insect interactions concerning floral resources and the conservation of pollinator insects. Floral morphology, coevolution of plant and pollinator, insect ecology and behavior, management of honeybees for commercial purposes, managing pollinators in urban and suburban settings, and conservation of pollinator habitat. Identifications of major pollinator insect groups, and techniques to monitor native pollinators and floral resources. Prerequisites: Grade of C or better in WSES 2405 or BIOL 4401; and ENTO 3312.

WSES 3315. Sustainability. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Explore the varied perspectives of sustainability and analyze factors that contribute to or decrease system sustainability. Investigation of the social, economic, and environmental barriers to achieving sustainable systems and options for overcoming these barriers. Credit will be awarded only for POLS 3315, ENVS 3315, or WSES 3315. Prerequisite: GOVT 2305 or GOVT 2306 or POLS 2304 or approval of the instructor.

WSES 3319. Composting. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

The art and science of composting of agricultural, municipal, foodservice and household wastes to include composting techniques, waste products and feedstocks, aerobic vs. anaerobic processes, evaluation of composted products and their beneficial uses. Biological processes used to decompose organic materials will be studied. Prerequisites: Junior standing or permission of the instructor.

WSES 3320. Watershed Management. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Management and planning of range or forest land watersheds for maintenance or improvement of water and soil resources. Effects of vegetation and land management practices on water quality and quantity, erosion, and sedimentation. Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in WSES 2405, RNRM 3315, or BIOL 4401.

WSES 3323. Ethical Issues in Agriculture and the Natural Resources. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Students will examine the several major ethical issues facing agriculture and natural resources sciences in our current society. Readings, discussions and lectures will focus on the scientific, capitalistic, and philosophical motivation in common ethical issues. Upon completion of the course, students will be able to construct and dissect ethical arguments and hopefully become more aware of the ethical dilemmas we all face each day.

WSES 3340. Fisheries Conservation and Management. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Fundamentals of fisheries management population estimation and management, harvest management, habitat management, applicable state and federal laws, invasive species management, and human dimensions. Prerequisites: Grade of C or better in WSES 2322.

WSES 3350. Writing for the Natural Resource and Environmental Sciences. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours). [WI]

Use of appropriate strategies to produce written professional and interpretive documents for wildlife and natural resource audiences. Prerequisites: ENGL 1301 and 1302.

WSES 3375. Population, Pollution, and Resource Depletion. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Principles and philosophies associated with the development, management, and use of natural resources are studied in the relationship to the ecological and social implications inherent in management alternatives involving the natural environmental and the use of renewable natural resources. Can receive credit for either ENVS 3375 or WSES 3375. Prerequisite: junior classification.

WSES 3380. Ecological Pest Management. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

An introduction to the principles of managing pest populations to reduce economic and ecological loss in agriculture, horticulture, domestic, and natural settings in an environmentally compatible manner. Information gleaned from this course should prepare students to apply for state certification as a licensed pesticide applicator. Prerequisites: WSES 2405 and either WSES/ENTO 3312 or WSES 2301.

WSES 3385. Fish and Wildlife Laws and Administration. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours). [WI]

A review and analysis of state and federal laws and international treaties and conventions affecting fish and wildlife; their application and administration. The organizational structure of state, federal and international agencies; their objectives, policies and practices. Prerequisites: GOVT 2305 and GOVT 2306 or; core complete in the Government/Political Science component area.

WSES 3386. Human Dimensions of Fish and Wildlife Management. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Today’s natural resource scientist must interact with diverse publics and stakeholders to achieve conservation goals. Few professionals receive training to navigate the murky waters of human dimensions of natural resources management. This course will give students an understanding of ways in which elements of human psychology and society shape our perceptions and management of wildlife and fisheries resources, and how to interact with these stakeholders to achieve ecologically-sound management and conservation. Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in WSES 2322.

WSES 3387. Natural Resource Conservation Outreach and Interpretation. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

Survey of the history, principles, and content of the Texas Master Naturalist Program as an example of education, public outreach, volunteerism, and interpretation in natural resource conservation and management. Classroom and field instructional modules of foundational concepts and regional specifics about biotic and abiotic natural resources. Principles of interpretation and written analysis of observed teaching and interpretive activities by resource specialists. Students who co-register with the Prairie Oaks Chapter of the Texas Master Naturalist program and complete all class activities can satisfy a portion of the requirements for certification as a Texas Master Naturalist. Attendance at occasional weekend field trips required.

WSES 3403. Natural History of the Vertebrates. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

Survey of vertebrate taxa, including systematics, taxonomy, anatomy, physiology, and ecology. Identification in laboratory and field. Students required to handle preserved and live specimens. Students required to bear the cost of multiple overnight and multi-day field trips. Prerequisites: Grade of C or better in BIOL 1406 and BIOL 1407.

WSES 3406. Wildland Plant Identification and Ecology. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

Identification and classification of grasses and other herbaceous plants in the North America, with emphasis on distribution, ecology, and economic value of species found in rangeland, forest, grassland, desert, and wetland systems in Texas. Proficiency in the use of a dichotomous key to identify plant species will be emphasized. Prerequisite: WSES 2405, RNRM 3315, or BIOL 4401.

WSES 3408. Dendrology and Woody Plant Identification. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

Study of woody plants, including trees, shrubs, and vines. Morphological, ecological and phenological traits will be used in field identification. The distribution, habitat, ecology, and importance of these species to wildlife and people will be explored, including community dynamics and the effects of disturbance and succession. Proficiency in the use of a dichotomous key to identify plant species will be stressed. Prerequisite: WSES 2405, RNRM 3315, or BIOL 4401.

WSES 4084. Internship in the Natural Resource Sciences. 1-6 Credit Hours (Lecture: 0 Hours, Lab: 1-6 Hours).

Formally arranged and approved on-the-job training with a cooperating sponsor in government of private sector of the natural resources or environmental field. A minimum of 75 hours of training is required for each hour of academic credit. A maximum of six hours of credit may be earned. A written report or other artifact of the experience may be required. Course will be graded as satisfactory or unsatisfactory. Prerequisite: Approval of the instructor.

WSES 4086. Problems in Natural Resource Sciences. 1-6 Credit Hours (Lecture: 0 Hours, Lab: 1-6 Hours).

Individualized study of current topics in wildlife, natural resources, environmental science, or related discipline. Specific content and credit depend upon student’s interests, needs, and depth of study. May be repeated as topics vary. Prerequisite: approval of instructor.

WSES 4088. Undergraduate Research in the Natural Resource Sciences. 1-6 Credit Hours (Lecture: 0 Hours, Lab: 1-6 Hours).

Fundamental research methods will be addressed through a faculty-directed project. Participation in an abbreviated lecture series may be required. Project components may include a literature review, data collection and analysis, testing, planning, project design, and/or computer modeling. the student may be required to prepare a final report and produce a presentation. Course will be graded as satisfactory or unsatisfactory. Prerequisite: Approval of the instructor.

WSES 4090. Special Topics in the Natural Resource Sciences. 1-6 Credit Hours (Lecture: 0-6 Hours, Lab: 0-6 Hours).

Selected topics in wildlife, natural resources, environmental science, or related discipline. May be repeated for credit when topics vary.

WSES 4119. Natural Resource Competition IV. 1 Credit Hour (Lecture: 1 Hour, Lab: 0 Hours).

This course is intended for highly advanced students who have developed significant experience and competencies in their respective natural resource competition. Students will be expected to take a leadership role on the Tarleton State University Quiz Bowl Team and demonstrate significant ability during practice and competitive events. Prerequisite: WSES 3119 and approval of the instructor. Prerequisites: WSES 3119 and approval of the instructor.

WSES 4185. Seminar. 1 Credit Hour (Lecture: 1 Hour, Lab: 0 Hours).

Discussions of issues and developments in agriculture, natural resources, or environmental sciences.

WSES 4187. Senior Capstone Seminar. 1 Credit Hour (Lecture: 1 Hour, Lab: 0 Hours).

This one-hour seminar is designed to provide students with skills at synthesizing and presenting the results of lower-division work, specifically applied learning experiences such as internships, undergraduate research, and study abroad. Course will include a writing and public speaking component. Prerequisites: Successful completion of WSES 4084, WSES 4088, WSES 4340, or WSES 4342, or approval of the Department Head.

WSES 4301. Population Dynamics, Modeling, and Analysis. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

An introduction to population biology, including models of simple population growth, competition, and predator-prey interactions; demographic rates; and life tables. Prerequisites: Grade of C or better in WSES 2322; and a grade of C or better in MATH 1342 or MATH 3450; or approval of instructor.

WSES 4302. Habitat Management. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours). [WI]

Application of ecological principles to the management of native plant communities. Particular focus will be on plant ecology and physiology and their role in the conservation and management of wildlife habitat. Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in WSES 2322, or approval of the instructor.

WSES 4303. Ecological Restoration. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

Landscape-scale, process-oriented approaches to ecological restoration. Enhancing resource capture, techniques in re-vegetation, and restoration of historic vegetation. Prescribed fire and grazing as restoration and management techniques for range and forest systems. Prerequisites: BIOL 3415, RNRM 3300, WSES 3406, or WSES 3408; and a grade of C or better in WSES 2405, RNRM 3315, or BIOL 4401.

WSES 4304. Population Genetics. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

An exploration of the principles of population genetics. Lecture will be a discussion of factors affecting the dynamics of allelic frequencies and the population-level consequences of manipulating these factors. Lecture topics will include the effects of selection, mutation, population size and genetic drift, neutral theory, population structure, inbreeding, and linkage disequilibrium. A significant portion of the class will be dedicated to working on problem sets to provide an empirical connection to population genetic theories. Prerequisite: BIOL 3303, BIOL 3403, or AGRI 3409.

WSES 4305. Urban Wildlife and Fisheries. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

This course trains students to establish and maintain diverse, self-sustaining urban wildlife and fish populations at levels in harmony with ecological, social, an economic values of the human community and to develop optimal levels of public appreciation and use of urban wildlife an fish resources and associated habitats. Includes discussions on conservation education as a tool for furthering urban wildlife and fisheries appreciation.

WSES 4306. Water Resources Policy and Management. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

This course will present an overview of water policy, laws and regulations related to ecosystem resource management focusing on water quality, water quantity and water as habitat. Major US and Texas environmental laws regarding water will be covered including the respective agencies involved with regulations. Case studies will facilitate discussion of science-policy interactions with resource management in the implementation of these laws and regulations. Credit for SOCI 4306, WSES 4306, and SOCI 5306 will not be awarded.

WSES 4308. Horticultural Entomology. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

Identification, nature of injury, life history, and control of common insects and related arthropods attacking turf grasses, landscape plants, shade, fruit, and nut trees, and greenhouse succulents. Management and control strategies utilizing chemical, cultural, and biological control agents.

WSES 4309. Plant-Animal Interactions. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours). [WI]

Arthropods and vertebrates in aquatic, terrestrial, managed, and natural systems spanning multiple scales and levels of organization. Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in WSES 2405, RNRM 3315, or BIOL 4401.

WSES 4310. Zoo Biology and Management. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Biology and management of zoo animals, and the management of zoos. Nutrition, reproduction, behavior, care, and welfare of confined wildlife species. Captive breeding, genetics, herd management, record keeping, and conservation biology. History of zoos and their role in conservation. Zoo exhibits and outreach, legal aspects, and ethics of confined wildlife management. Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in WSES 2322.

WSES 4311. Fire Ecology. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

Ecological role of fire in natural systems, including rangelands, grasslands, shrublands, woodlands, and forests; adaptations of plants and animals to fire; long-term controls on wild fire; use of fire as an ecosystem management tool, with aspects of wildland firefighting; and prescribed burning, including fire behavior, fuels, weather, politics and policy. Hands-on prescribed burning experiences as circumstances and weather permit. Prerequisite: WSES 2405, RNRM 3315, or BIOL 4401.

WSES 4313. Vegetation Measurement, Inventory, and Monitoring. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

Vegetation sampling, measurement, monitoring, inventory, study design, and quantitative and statistical analysis. Assessment of range condition and forest health based on understanding ecological processes. Hands-on, field-based laboratory. Prerequisite: WSES 3406 or WSES 3408.

WSES 4316. Pesticides. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

A survey of chemical pesticides. Emphasis will be on the chemistry, mode of action, and safe use of insecticides, herbicides, and fungicides. Less common pesticides (rodenticides, piscicides, avicides, etc.) will also be reviewed. The use of chemical pesticides as a part of an integrated pest management program will be discussed. Student's successfully completing the course will be prepared to apply for the Texas Department of Agriculture pesticide applicator's license. Prerequisite: CHEM 1311 and 1111.

WSES 4318. Spatial Ecology and Conservation Modeling. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

Applications of Remote Sensing and GIS techniques in natural resources, landscape ecology, and spatial ecology. Contemporary modeling techniques such as species distribution, habitat suitability, and occupancy models in the broader landscape context. Credit will not be awarded for WSES 4318 and WSES 5318. Prerequisite: WSES 2405; GEOG, WSES, ENVS, or EASC 2415.

WSES 4324. Organic Agriculture. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Organic agriculture will examine a brief history of the industry development, changes in the structure and industry, USDA NOP rules and regulations, and certification to provide a scope of understanding for the course. The majority of the course will focus on the mechanics of crop and vegetable production in an organic system including seed sources, planting considerations, environment, soil fertility, plant nutrition, soil preparation, weed control methods, insect and disease prevention, rules in applications, harvest issues, and marketing.

WSES 4325. Crop Production and Management. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Current concepts and practices in field crop production with emphasis on the applications of technology. Recognition and discussion of cultural practices, fertilization, irrigation, weed and pest control from economic and environmental perspectives. Review of crop improvement strategies and bio-engineering. Prerequisites: SOIL 3301, SOIL 3101, AGRI 1307, and AGRI 1107.

WSES 4326. Big Game Ecology and Management. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

Survey of the distributions and life histories of North American big game species. Detailed examination of the biology and habitat relationships of several big game species, especially as they relate to management. Other topics include population dynamics, diet, economic significance, and conservation strategies. Modest cost of field trips will be borne by the student. Prerequisite: A grade of C or better in WSES 2322, or approval of the instructor.

WSES 4327. Avian Ecology and Management. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 2 Hours).

A study of major wild bird groups, their interactions with their environment, and how these interactions can be manipulated to achieve management objectives. Course emphasis will be on species of conservation significance, including game, nongame, and vulnerable species. Major topics will include population management of migratory and non-migratory birds, habitat management, and wildlife policy consideration unique to bird conservation. Modest cost of field trips will be borne by the student. Prerequisite: A grade of C or better in WSES 2322, or approval of the instructor.

WSES 4335. Food and Culture. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 2 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

A study of the food beliefs and practices of the major ethnic and religious groups in the U. S. and the nutritional implications of these food practices, a cultural analysis of American food trends; ethnic issues and dietary changes; and research methods in food habits. Lab fee: $25.

WSES 4340. Natural Resource Field Studies. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

A field course in which students capture, measure, and mark animals; collect descriptive measures of vegetation that characterizes wildlife habitat; and record field observations using a journal. This course requires one or more extended field trips at student’s expense. Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in WSES 2322.

WSES 4341. Southern African Ecology and Culture. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Ecology of southern Africa, including climate, soils, vegetation, and wildlife. Ecological interactions with development, agriculture, and tourism. Identification and ecology of bird and large mammal species. Conservation of rare, threatened, and endangered species. Culture, politics, and history from the pre-Colonial Period through today, with emphasis on their effects on management of natural resources. Focuses mainly on South Africa, Botswana, Zambia, and Namibia.

WSES 4342. Study Abroad. 3 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 0 Hours).

Conducted at various domestic and international locations for extended periods (frequently outside the United States). Hands-on activities and experiences in agriculture and natural resources. Topics will vary. Enrollment requires a significant study abroad program fee.

WSES 4401. Ethology. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 4 Hours).

An introductory course in the behavior of animals, with emphasis on the natural selection, ontogeny, and function of behaviors as they relate to feeding, reproduction, predator-avoidance, and other traits. Both proximate (sensory, hormonal, genetic) and ultimate (ecological and evolutionary) mechanisms are addressed. Prerequisite: C or better in BIOL 1406 and BIOL 1407, and a C or better in either AGRI 1419 or WSES 2322. Lab fee: $2.

WSES 4407. Fermentation and Brewing. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

This course provides a basic understanding of the history of food safety, sanitation, fermentation, fermented foods, beer brewing, wine and cheese making, along with an introduction to industry organization; from commodities production, to processing, distribution, marketing, and sales. The course provides direct hands-on instruction in small-scale brewing. It combines elements of science (chemistry, biology, and physics), economics, food preparation, aesthetics, preferences, and taste. Modest cost of field trips will be borne by the student. Prerequisites: Senior classification and completion of 8 hours of BIOL and 8 hours of CHEM; or approval of the instructor. Must be 21 years of age or older on the first class day to enroll in this course.

WSES 4408. Sustainable Food Systems. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

This course will survey issues surrounding food production and examine the environmental and social impact of current food production systems. Specific emphasis will be placed on emerging trends to increase the sustainability of food production, distribution, and consumption. This course includes a laboratory field component and will require some field work outside normal class times. Lab fee: $2.

WSES 4410. Genomics. 4 Credit Hours (Lecture: 3 Hours, Lab: 3 Hours).

An exploration of practical applications for high throughput DNA sequencing technology. Hands-on research projects will provide experience in proper sample collection and preparation, automated robotic DNA library preparation, DNA barcoding, quality control metrics, instrument loading and run initiation, and an overview of data processing for a single instrument run generating hundreds of millions of DNA sequences. Prerequisite: BIOL 3303 or AGRI 3409 Lab fee: $2.

Dr. Jeff Breeden, Department Head
Department of Wildlife and Natural Resources
Joe W. Autry Agriculture Building, Room 201
Box T-0050
Stephenville, TX United States 76402
(254) 968-9221
(254) 968-9228
breeden@tarleton.edu
www.tarleton.edu/degrees/bachelors/bs-wildlife-sustainability-ecosystem-science/index.html

Ms. Linda Sanders, Administrative Associate
Department of Wildlife and Natural Resources
Joe W. Autry Agriculture Building, Room 201
Box T-0050
Stephenville, Texas 76402
(254) 968-9221
(254) 968-9228
sanders@tarleton.edu
www.tarleton.edu/degrees/bachelors/bs-wildlife-sustainability-ecosystem-science/index.html

Professors

  • Breeden, Jeffrey Dr.
  • Cummings, Hennen Dr.
  • McGahan, Donald Dr.
  • Muir, James Dr.

Associate professors

  • Mathewson, Heather Dr.
  • Schwertner, T. Wayne Dr.

Assistant professors

  • Kafley, Hemanta Dr.
  • Mitchell, Adam Dr.
  • Murray, Darrel Dr.
  • Weiss, Stuart Dr.